Dictionary > Etioplast

Etioplast

Definition
noun, plural: etioplasts
(botany) A plastid that developed in darkness or under low light conditions
Supplement
A plastid is an organelle that is commonly found in photosynthetic plants. Plastids are of different types depending on the presence of the pigment and metabolic functions. A chloroplast, for instance, is a plastid that contains high amounts of green pigment, chlorophyll. Etioplasts are plastids that arise from proplastids. Proplastids give rise to all the plastids in plants. Proplastids that turn into green and become photosynthetic develop into chloroplasts. However, those that are supposed to become chloroplasts become etioplasts when there is no light or when there is low light condition. The etioplast develop from a prolastid when it is grown in the dark. The development into chloroplast is arrested in the absence of light. Nevertheless, the etioplast can be converted into a chloroplast when there is an appropriate light exposure. Light exposure activates the plant hormone cytokinin, which in turn stimulates the synthesis of chlorophyll pigment.
Etioplasts have prolamellar bodies (i.e. a cubic lattice of interconnected membranous tubule network that arise from the inner plastid envelope) and few thylakoid membranes.1
Angiosperms grown in the dark or under low light condition would result in the increased concentration of etioplasts and this would cause the leaves to appear yellowish instead of green.
See also:

Reference(s):

1 Pessarakli, M. (1997). Handbook of photosynthesis. New York, NY u.a: Dekker. p392


You will also like...

Selective Breeding
Selective Breeding

Gregor Mendel's studies into Monohybrid and Dihybrid crossing and Charles Darwin's study of evolution and natural select..

kinesin motor proteins transporting molecules across microtubules
Movement of Molecules Across Cell Membranes

Molecules move within the cell or from one cell to another through different strategies. Transport may be in the form of..

Chemical composition of the body
Chemical Composition of the Body

The body is comprised of different elements with hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen as the major four. This tutorial..

Lotic community of algal species
Lotic Communities & Algae

Lotic communities have conditions that are rather harsh for typical plants. Thus, the diversity of plant species in loti..

Balanced Diet
A Balanced Diet – Minerals and Proteins

Proteins and minerals can be derived from various dietary sources. They are essential for the proper growth and developm..

Nephrolepis exaltata
Vascular Plants: Ferns and Relatives

Ferns and their relatives are vascular plants, meaning they have xylem and phloem tissues. Because of the presence of va..

Related Articles...

No related articles found

See all Related Topics