noun, plural: exons
1. The protein-coding region in the DNA.
2. The nucleic acid sequence in the DNA, or RNA transcript following genetic splicing.
Genes contain exons which are regions coding for proteins and which are interrupted by the unused sequences called introns. Exons have been found to include both sequences coding for amino acids and untranslated sequences. The introns are removed and the exons are joined together to form the final functional mRNA.
Related forms: exonic (adjective).
See also: DNA, RNA, translation, mRNA, protein synthesis.
User Contributions / Comments:
- The base sequences that appear in eukaryotic DNA and are used to make mRNA for a specific protein are the exons of a gene.