Dictionary > Fibrocartilage

Fibrocartilage

Definition
noun
A type of cartilage that has a fibrous matrix and approaching fibrous connective tissue in structure
Supplement
The cartilage is a connective tissue characterized by having an extracellular matrix that is abundant in chondroitin sulphate and chondrocytes as the cellular component. The cartilage has three main types: (1) elastic cartilage, (2) hyaline cartilage, and (3) fibrocartilage. They differ mainly from the fibers that are present.1
Fibrocartilage is a type of cartilage that has thick layers of larger collagen fibers in the extracellular matrix.2 This feature enables the fibrocartilage to be fibrous and rough in appearance relative to other types of cartilages. It is the only type of cartilage that has type I collagen apart from the type II collagen normally present in cartilages. The collagen fibers orient themselves into the direction where there is functional stress.3
Fibrocartilage is found in the pubis symphysis, the annulus fibrosus of intervertebral discs, menisci, and the temporomandibular joint.
Compare:

See also:

  • cartilage
  • connective tissue
  • Reference(s):

    1 Clark, R. (2005). Anatomy and physiology : understanding the human body. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. p. 67.

    2 Mow, V. & Huiskes, R. (2005). Basic orthopaedic biomechanics & mechano-biology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 182-183.

    3 Eroschenko, V. & Fiore, M. (2008). DiFiore’s atlas of histology with functional correlations. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 71-72.


    You will also like...

    Energy pyramid
    Freshwater Community Energy Relationships – Producers & Consumers

    This tutorial looks at the relationship between organisms. It also explores how energy is passed on in the food chain an..

    Human gastrointestinal tract
    Human Biology – Food and Digestion

    This tutorial recognizes the importance of food as a source of energy that will fuel many biological processes. A good d..

    Gene Pool and Speciation
    The Gene Pool and Population Genetics

    According to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection, preferable genes are favored by nature in the gene pool, and ..

    Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung
    Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung

    In this tutorial, the works of Carl Gustav Jung and Sigmund Freud are described. Both of them actively pursued the way h..

    Human Neurology
    Human Neurology

    Human Neurology deals essentially with the nervous system of humans. It also features the various theories put forward b..

    human respiratory system
    Respiration

    The human respiratory system is an efficient system of inspiring and expiring respiratory gases. This tutorial provides ..