Dictionary > Fibrocartilage

Fibrocartilage

Definition
noun
A type of cartilage that has a fibrous matrix and approaching fibrous connective tissue in structure
Supplement
The cartilage is a connective tissue characterized by having an extracellular matrix that is abundant in chondroitin sulphate and chondrocytes as the cellular component. The cartilage has three main types: (1) elastic cartilage, (2) hyaline cartilage, and (3) fibrocartilage. They differ mainly from the fibers that are present.1
Fibrocartilage is a type of cartilage that has thick layers of larger collagen fibers in the extracellular matrix.2 This feature enables the fibrocartilage to be fibrous and rough in appearance relative to other types of cartilages. It is the only type of cartilage that has type I collagen apart from the type II collagen normally present in cartilages. The collagen fibers orient themselves into the direction where there is functional stress.3
Fibrocartilage is found in the pubis symphysis, the annulus fibrosus of intervertebral discs, menisci, and the temporomandibular joint.
Compare:

See also:

  • cartilage
  • connective tissue
  • Reference(s):

    1 Clark, R. (2005). Anatomy and physiology : understanding the human body. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. p. 67.

    2 Mow, V. & Huiskes, R. (2005). Basic orthopaedic biomechanics & mechano-biology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 182-183.

    3 Eroschenko, V. & Fiore, M. (2008). DiFiore’s atlas of histology with functional correlations. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 71-72.


    You will also like...

    Ecosystem Succession
    Ecosystem Succession

    If the balance of nature is left untouched, landscapes can change dramatically over time. A previous ecosystem is supers..

    Bryophytes
    Bryophytes

    Bryophytes (nonvascular plants) are a plant group characterized by lacking vascular tissues. They include the mosses, th..

    Growth Patterns
    Growth Patterns

    This tutorial describes the sigmoid curve, annual plant growth, tree growth, human growth, and insect growth as the grow..

    Balanced Diet
    A Balanced Diet – Minerals and Proteins

    Proteins and minerals can be derived from various dietary sources. They are essential for the proper growth and developm..

    Non-Mendelian Inheritance
    Non-Mendelian Inheritance

    In this tutorial, find out more about certain types of inheritance that does not follow the Mendelian inheritance patter..

    Adaptive Radiation
    Adaptive Radiation

    The diversification of several new species from a recent ancestral source, each adapted to utilize or occupy a vacant ad..