Dictionary > Ficus

Ficus

Definition
noun
A pan-tropical genus of trees, shrubs, or vines belonging to the taxonomic family Moraceae
Supplement
Moraceae is a taxonomic family of the order Rosales of the kingdom Plantae. It is also called the mulberry family or the fig family. There are five tribes of the family Moraceae: (1) Artocarpeae, (2) Castilleae, (3) Dorstenieae, (4) Ficaea, and (5) Moreae. They are primarily characterized by the presence of lacticifers (i.e. an elongated secretory cell in leaves and stems of plants producing latex and rubber) and milky sap in parenchymatous tissues.
The tribe Ficaea includes only one genus, i.e. Ficus. This genus is characterized by having large, thick, or stiff leaves. Many of them are evergreen. Members of this genus are characterized by their unique inflorescence and pollination system (i.e. involving a specific wasp species (i.e. fig wasp of the family Agaonidaeas pollinators). Many of them produce aerial roots. Their fruit is an enclosed inflorescence (i.e. syconium). All figs possess a white to yellowish latex.
There are about 800 species belonging to this genus. Examples are F. carica (known as the common fig), F. indica (commonly known as the banyan tree), F. religiosa (also known as the peepul tree), F. elastica (commonly known as the India rubber tree).
They are ecologically and economically important as food such as F. carica fruit that are commercially available for human consumption.
Word origin: Latin fīcus ‎(“fig”)
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Rosales
  • Family: Moraceae
  • Tribe: Ficeae
  • Genus: Ficus

See also:

  • fig
  • Moraceae


  • You will also like...

    Chromosomes X and Y and Sex Determination
    Chromosomes X and Y and Sex Determination

    This tutorial looks at sex determination via the sex chromosomes, X and Y. Read it to get more info on X and Y chromosom..

    Photosynthesis and respiration
    Plant Metabolism

    Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. Plant processes, such as photosynthesis, photop..

    Growth and Plant Hormones
    Growth and Plant Hormones

    Plants, like animals, produce hormones to regulate plant activities, including growth. They need these hormones to respo..

    Neurology of Illusions
    Neurology of Illusions

    Illusions are the perceptions and sensory data obtained from situations in which human error prevents us from seeing the..

    Disturbance on a still water
    Abiotic Factors – Water Conditions

    A still body of water may be disturbed by a variety of factors. One of them is wind. In fact, it is considered as the pr..

    Oligodendrocyte and Schwann cell
    The Central Nervous System

    Myelin sheath is essential for a faster conductivity of signals. Know more about this feature of some neurons in the Cen..

    Related Articles...

    No related articles found

    See all Related Topics