Dictionary > Fluke

Fluke

Definition
noun, plural: flukes
(1) (ichthyology) Summer flounder, Paralichthys dentatus (a flatfish)
(2) (cetology) Either of the two lobes of the tail of a cetacean, e.g. whales and dolphins
(3) (parasitology) A common name for any of the parasitic flatworms of Class Trematoda of Phylum Platyhelminthes; trematode
Supplement
In ichthyology, a fluke refers to Paralichthys dentatus , which is also commonly called summer flounder. The species belongs to the family Paralichthyidae of class Actinopterygii, phylum Chordata. The species is characterized by having eye-like spots on the body (about 5-14), ability to change color and pattern of the dark side to match surroundings, burrowing in sandy bottoms, sharp teeth, and active predators of sand lance, porgies, squid, shrimp, etc. These flounders are typically found in the Atlantic Ocean.
In cetology, a fluke is an anatomical part of whales and dolphins. In particular, the fluke pertains to either of the two lobes of the tail of whales and dolphins. The flukes are used for propulsion.
In parasitology, a fluke is a common name given to parasitic flatworms of the class Trematoda (trematodes). This taxonomic class of phylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms) is characterized by having external suckers that they use to anchor themselves within their host. There are two groups: tissue flukes and blood flukes. The members of these two groups are classified based on the system of the host that they infest (or infect). The tissue flukes, e.g. Paragonimus westermani, Fasciola hepatica, and Clonorchis sinensis, are those that are found in lungs, bile ducts, and other tissues of their hosts. The blood flukes, e.g. Schistosoma, are those that occur in the blood of their vertebrate host. Humans may also serve as a host to certain trematodes, such as Schistosoma, Clonorchis, Opisthorchis, Fasciola, and Paragonimus species.


You will also like...

Selective Breeding
Selective Breeding

Gregor Mendel's studies into Monohybrid and Dihybrid crossing and Charles Darwin's study of evolution and natural select..

New Zealand Flora & Fauna
Ecology & Biodiversity: New Zealand Flora & Fauna

New Zealand is known for its unique biodiversity, caused by its remarkable geography and geologic history. Breaking away..

Biological Cell Defense
Biological Cell Defense

Organisms employ different strategies to boost its defenses against antigens. Humans have an immune system to combat pat..

Buttress roots
Roots

This study guide tackles plant roots in greater detail. It delves into the development of plant roots, the root structur..

green plant cells
Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant cells have plastids essential in photosynthesis. They also have an additional layer called cell wall on their cell..

New Zealand - Biodiversity fauna
New Zealand’s Biodiversity

Find out more about New Zealand's unique biodiversity by exploring a range of different ecosystems and the key role of s..