Dictionary > Glaucophyte

Glaucophyte

Definition
noun, plural: glaucophytes
Any of the freshwater microscopic algae of the Kingdom Archaeplastida
Supplement
The glaucophytes are rare freshwater microscopic algae.1 They are taxonomically classified under Kingdom Archaeplastida. Kingdom Archaeplastida is a taxonomic group comprised of land plants, green algae, red algae, and glaucophytes. It is sometimes used in synonymous to Plantae. However, the stricter use of the term Plantae is one that which includes only the land plants and green algae. Archaeplastida is more general in including the red algae and the glaucophytes. The relationship among the glaucophytes, red algae, and green algae is unclear.2 One of the distinct features of glaucophytes is a chloroplast with a peptidoglycan layer, which indicates a possible remnant of the endosymbiotic origin of plastids from cyanobacteria.1
The glaucophytes include the following genera: Glaucosystis, Cyanophora, Gloeochaete, and Cyanoptyche.
Scientific classification:

  • Domain: Eukarya
  • Kingdom: Archaeplastida
  • Phylum: Glaucophyta (Skuja, 1954)
  • Class: Glaucophyceae Bohlin, 1901
  • Order: Glaucocystales Bessey, 1907
  • Family: Glaucocystaceae G. S. West, 1904

Other common name(s):

  • glaucocystophyte
  • glaucocystid

See also:

Reference(s):

1 Keeling, P. J. (2004). “Diversity and evolutionary history of plastids and their hosts”. American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1481–1493.

2 Palmer, J. D., Soltis, D. E., & Chase, M. W. (2004). “The plant tree of life: an overview and some points of view”. American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1437–1445.


You will also like...

Biosecurity and Biocontrol
Biosecurity and Biocontrol

This lesson explores the impact of biosecurity threats, and why they need to be identified and managed. Examples to incl..

Selective Breeding
Selective Breeding

Gregor Mendel's studies into Monohybrid and Dihybrid crossing and Charles Darwin's study of evolution and natural select..

Genetics – Lesson Outline & Worksheets
Genetics – Lesson Outline & Worksheets

  Topics Modules Quizzes/Worksheets Description Introduction to Genetics Genetics – Definition: Heredity and ..

Human Nervous System
The Human Nervous System

The nervous system is essentially a biological information highway. This tutorial gives an overview of the nervous syste..

Lake Wakatipu, New Zealand
New Zealand’s Unique Geographical History

Explore why New Zealand has such unique flora and fauna, and learn why long periods of geographical isolation. This less..

Freshwater Ecology
Freshwater Ecology

Freshwater ecology focuses on the relations of aquatic organisms to their freshwater habitats. There are two forms of co..