Dictionary > Glaucophyte

Glaucophyte

Definition
noun, plural: glaucophytes
Any of the freshwater microscopic algae of the Kingdom Archaeplastida
Supplement
The glaucophytes are rare freshwater microscopic algae.1 They are taxonomically classified under Kingdom Archaeplastida. Kingdom Archaeplastida is a taxonomic group comprised of land plants, green algae, red algae, and glaucophytes. It is sometimes used in synonymous to Plantae. However, the stricter use of the term Plantae is one that which includes only the land plants and green algae. Archaeplastida is more general in including the red algae and the glaucophytes. The relationship among the glaucophytes, red algae, and green algae is unclear.2 One of the distinct features of glaucophytes is a chloroplast with a peptidoglycan layer, which indicates a possible remnant of the endosymbiotic origin of plastids from cyanobacteria.1
The glaucophytes include the following genera: Glaucosystis, Cyanophora, Gloeochaete, and Cyanoptyche.
Scientific classification:

  • Domain: Eukarya
  • Kingdom: Archaeplastida
  • Phylum: Glaucophyta (Skuja, 1954)
  • Class: Glaucophyceae Bohlin, 1901
  • Order: Glaucocystales Bessey, 1907
  • Family: Glaucocystaceae G. S. West, 1904

Other common name(s):

  • glaucocystophyte
  • glaucocystid

See also:

Reference(s):

1 Keeling, P. J. (2004). “Diversity and evolutionary history of plastids and their hosts”. American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1481–1493.

2 Palmer, J. D., Soltis, D. E., & Chase, M. W. (2004). “The plant tree of life: an overview and some points of view”. American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1437–1445.


You will also like...

Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung
Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung

In this tutorial, the works of Carl Gustav Jung and Sigmund Freud are described. Both of them actively pursued the way h..

Fossil trilobite imprint in the sediment
Insects

There are more species of insects than any other species combined. This surely illustrates that insects have the selecti..

An artist depiction of a Precambrian multicellular life form.
The Evolution of Cell Organelles

The nucleus containing the genetic material, DNA, and the mitochondria, well-identified as the "powerhouse of the cell",..

Homeostatic Mechanisms and Cellular Communication
Homeostatic Mechanisms and Cellular Communication

Homeostasis is the relatively stable conditions of the internal environment that result from compensatory regulatory res..

Lights' Effect on Growth
Lights’ Effect on Growth

This tutorial elaborates on the effect of light on plant growth. It describes how different plants require different amo..

Still Water Community Plants
Still Water Community Plants

This tutorial looks at the adaptations of freshwater plants for them to thrive in still water habitats. Familiarize your..