Dictionary > Hybridization

Hybridization

Definition
noun, plural: hybridizations
(reproductive biology) The act or process of mating organisms of different varieties or species to create a hybrid
(molecular biology) The process of forming a double stranded nucleic acid from joining two complementary strands of DNA (or RNA) (as in nucleic acid hybridization)
Supplement
Hybridization is the process of producing a hybrid. A hybrid, in general sense, is any of mixed origin or composition, or the combination of two or more different things.
In reproductive biology for instance, hybridization (also spelled hybridisation) refers to the process of producing offspring by mating two parents from different varieties or species. It is sometimes used synonymously with crossbreeding, which is defined as the process or the act of producing offspring particularly through mating two purebred individuals but come from different breeds or varieties, (sometimes, even species). However, hybrid, rather than crossbreed, is more preferred for use to refer to plant offspring, even produced through crossbreeding. Hybridization in plants is important especially in agriculture wherein it is applied to come up with a hybrid crop that is both hardy and disease-resistant. In animals, ligers and mules are examples of a hybrid.
In molecular biology, hybridization is the process of forming a double-stranded nucleic acid from two complementary strands of DNA (or RNA). In particular, it is referred to as nucleic acid hybridization.
Variant(s):

  • hybridisation

See also:

Related term(s):

Related form(s):

  • hybrid (noun)
  • hybridize or hybridise (verb, to produce a hybrid)

You will also like...

Cambial cells
Plant Tissues

Plant organs are comprised of tissues working together for a common function. The different types of plant tissues are m..

Transpiration
Water in Plants

The movement of molecules (specifically, water and solutes) is vital to the understanding of plant processes. This tuto..

Regulation of Biological Systems
Regulation of Biological Systems

Regulation of Biological Systems tutorials are focused on the modulation of biological systems from cell to population l..

Birth of a Human Baby
Birth of a Human Baby

Following nine months inside the mother's womb is the birth of the baby. Know the different stages of the birthing proce..

Endemic Flora of New Zealand
New Zealand’s Unique Flora

If New Zealand has lots of unique animals, it's also got a whole lot of unique plants. Find out more about some of them,..

complete-dominance
Dominance

This tutorial presents Gregor Mendel's law of dominance. Learn more about this form of inheritance and how it can be pre..