Dictionary > Microbiology

Microbiology

Definition
noun
The branch of science that deals with microorganisms and their effects on other living organisms
Supplement
Microbiology is the branch of science that is concerned primarily with the biology of microorganisms and their effects on other living organisms. It encompasses sub-disciplines such as bacteriology, virology, mycology, and parasitology. Thus, it includes studies on bacteria, viruses, fungi, protists, etc. Individuals who are specializing in this field is referred to as microbiologists. Most of the works of microbiologists rely heavily on culture, staining, and microscopy.
Microbiology may be pure or applied. Pure microbiology includes bacteriology, mycology, protozoology, phycology, parasitology, virology, nematology, cellular microbiology, evolutionary microbiology, systems microbiology, molecular microbiology, etc. Applied microbiology includes medical microbiology, pharmaceutical microbiology, industrial microbiology, food microbiology, soil microbiology, water microbiology, air microbiology, and microbial biotechnology.
Louis Pasteur is regarded as the father of microbiology whereas Robert Koch is the father of medical microbiology. Both of them are known for their work on microorganisms and their medical relevance. Martinus Beijerinck and Sergei Winogradsky are regarded as the founders of general microbiology. One of the major contributions of Beijerinck was the discovery of viruses. Winogradsky was known for his work in determining the essential role of microorganisms in chemolithotrophy.
Word origin: Greek mīkros (“small”) + bios (“life”) + –logia
See also:

Related term(s):

  • Soil microbiology
  • Industrial Microbiology


  • You will also like...

    Plant meristem
    Plant Meristems and Growth

    In plants, growth occurs in meristems, which are the site of repeated cell division of unspecialized cells. These cells ..

    temperature - abiotic factor
    Abiotic and Biotic Factors

    This tutorial deals with the abiotic factors of the freshwater environment that determine what sort of life would be sui..

    DNA molecule
    Genetic Control – On and Off Genes

    Genes are the blueprint of our bodies, a blueprint that creates a variety of proteins essential to any organism's surviv..

    human respiratory system
    Respiration

    The human respiratory system is an efficient system of inspiring and expiring respiratory gases. This tutorial provides ..

    Neurology of Illusions
    Neurology of Illusions

    Illusions are the perceptions and sensory data obtained from situations in which human error prevents us from seeing the..

    Plant Water Regulation
    Plant Water Regulation

    Plants need to regulate water in order to stay upright and structurally stable. Find out the different evolutionary adap..