Dictionary > Mycoplankton

Mycoplankton

Definition
noun
The fungi or fungus-like component of plankton
Supplement
Plankton pertain to the small organisms that drift, float, or weakly swimming in aquatic habitats. Some of them may be capable of diel vertical migration but they, in general, flow with their surrounding currents. They may be classified according to their trophic level groups: (1) phytoplankton, (2) zooplankton, (3) bacterioplankton, and (4) mycoplankton.
Mycoplankton are the fungi or fungus-like organisms comprising the plankton. They are the saprotrophs, i.e. they live off of dead or decaying organic material in marine and freshwater ecosystems. They are mostly the filamentous free-living fungi and yeasts. Similar to bacterioplankton, mycoplankton play a crucial role in the heterotrophic mineralization and nutrient cycling in the ecosystem.1
Mycoplankton are classified into the following groups: (1) lower fungi (e.g. mastigomycetes), (2) higher fungi (e.g. ascomycetes, basidiomycetes, etc.), and (3) terrestrial fungi (e.g. trichomycetes).2
Word origin: myco– (of fungi) + planktón, (planktós (“wandering”)
See also:

Reference(s):

1 Wang, G., Wang, X., Liu, X., & Li, Q. (2012). “Diversity and biogeochemical function of planktonic fungi in the ocean”. In Raghukumar, C. Biology of marine fungi. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. pp. 71–88.

2 Sridhar, K. R. (2009). “10. Aquatic fungi – Are they planktonic?”. Plankton Dynamics of Indian Waters. Jaipur, India: Pratiksha Publications. pp. 133–148.


You will also like...

Lotic community of algal species
Lotic Communities & Algae

Lotic communities have conditions that are rather harsh for typical plants. Thus, the diversity of plant species in loti..

Thermographic image of face and neck
Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

The human body is capable of regulating growth and energy balance through various feedback mechanisms. Get to know the e..

Plant biology
Plant Biology

Plantlife can be studied at a variety of levels, from the molecular, genetic and biochemical level through organelles, c..

Biosecurity and Biocontrol
Biosecurity and Biocontrol

This lesson explores the impact of biosecurity threats, and why they need to be identified and managed. Examples to incl..

Young plant growing from the soil.
Soils

Nutrients in the soil are essential to the proper growth of a land plant. This tutorial deals with the properties of soi..

Freshwater aquatic plankton
Freshwater Communities & Plankton

Planktons are microscopic organisms that live suspended in aquatic habitats. There are two groups: the phytoplanktons an..