Dictionary > Neuroanatomist


noun, plural: neuroanatomists
An expert or a researcher in the field of neuroanatomy
Neuroanatomists are an expert in the field of neuroanatomy. Neuroanatomy is the scientific study of the nervous system. It may also pertain to the anatomy (i.e. structure) of the nerves of an organ or an organism. The first record of the history of neuroanatomy could be the Edwin Smith Papyrus, an ancient medical text (c. 1600 BCE) written by ancient Egyptians. This document includes medical and scientific records on injuries, dislocations, wounds, tumors, and military surgeries. Other notable experts in this field during the early period in neuroanatomy were Alcmaeon, Herophilus, Erasistratus, Galen, and Rhazes. Alcmaeon, in particular, described that the brain rules the body and not the heart, and the senses depend on the brain.1 Since then, more works were done in this field and one notable expert in this field was Thomas Wilis, a physician, published Cerebri anatome, which served as the foundation of neuroanatomy. Modern scientific research in neuroanatomy makes use of these tools and technologies: cell staining, histochemistry, immunocytochemistry, in situ hybridization, genetically-encoded markers and fluorescence microscopy, non-invasive brain imaging using magnetic resonance imaging, tracer virus methods, dye-based methods, connectomics (via serial section electron microscopy), and computational techniques and other imaging modalities.
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1 Rose, F (2009). “Cerebral Localization in Antiquity”. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences. 18 (3): 239–247.

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