(Science: enzyme) That hydrolyse phosphomonoesters. Acid phosphatases are specific for the single charged phosphate group and alkaline phosphatases for the double charged group. These specificities do not overlap.
The phosphatases comprise a very wide range of enzymes including broad and narrow specificity members. Phosphoprotein phosphatases specifically de phosphorylate a particular protein and are essential if phosphorylation is to be used as a reversible control system.
Any of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates.A type of enzyme capable of releasing a phosphate from its parent molecule, e.g. the release of phosphate from ATP to release energy and the phosphate.