Dictionary > Putative

Putative

putative definition

putative definition

Putative Definition

What is putative? The word putative denotes to a supposition that is based on what is commonly accepted rather than on actual proof. How about in biology? What does putative mean?

In biology, the term is commonly used to describe an entity or a concept that is based on what is generally accepted or inferred even without direct proof of it, meaning it denotes something, like an inference or a supposition, that is accepted because it is deemed to be the case or what has been commonly believed even without solid evidence to back it up.

Etymology

The word putative came from the Middle French putatif, from Latin putātīvus, meaning “suppose”, “purported”. The term putātīvus, in turn, was derived from putātus, meaning “thought”. Synonyms: purported; reputed; supposed.

Putative Examples

Putative gene, for instance, refers to a nucleotide sequence believed to be a gene because of its open reading frame. However, its function and the protein it codes for has not been (fully) identified. (Ref.1) For example, putative gene 57 is the (temporary) name suggested for the gene coding for a protein produced by Bacteriophage SP01 that infects the bacterium, Bacillus subtilis. (Ref.2)
Other examples:

  • Putative 32-kDa heart protein
  • Putative ADAM18 Gene Product
  • Putative alpha-synuclein-binding protein
  • Putative chemokine receptor
  • Putative claudin-24
  • Putative DNA/chromatin binding motif 2
  • Putative eukaryotic translation initiation factor 1A
  • Putative folate hydrolase 1B
  • Putative G protein-coupled receptor
  • Putative golgin subfamily A member 6B

Mentioned in

  • Plant root cap
  • Secretase

References

  1. Slonczewski, Joan; John Watkins Foster (2009). Microbiology: An Evolving Science. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
  2. Stewart CR, Gaslightwala I, Hinata K, Krolikowski KA, Needleman DS, Peng AS, Peterman MA, Tobias A, Wei P. Genes and regulatory sites of the “host-takeover module” in the terminal redundancy of Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPO1. Virology. 1998 Jul 5; 246 (2): 329-40.

©BiologyOnline. Content provided and moderated by BiologyOnline Editors.


You will also like...

Crossing Over and Genetic Diversity
Inheritance and Probability

Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, is most famous in this field for his study of the phenotype of pea plants, including ..

Types and Causes of Brain Damage
Types and Causes of Brain Damage

This tutorial describes the different types and causes of brain damage. Find out how genetics, physical injury, lack of ..

Freshwater aquatic plankton
Freshwater Communities & Plankton

Planktons are microscopic organisms that live suspended in aquatic habitats. There are two groups: the phytoplanktons an..

Cell structure
Cell Structure

A typical eukaryotic cell is comprised of cytoplasm with different organelles, such as nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, G..

human brain structure
The Conscious & Unconscious Nervous System

This tutorial elaborates on how the nervous system works, particularly at the tissue level of the brain. There are three..

Still Water Animals
Still Water Animals

Animals living in aquatic habitats have diversified and evolved through time. They eventually occupy ecological niches a..

Related Articles...

No related articles found

See all Related Topics