Dictionary > Rhizophora

Rhizophora

Definition
noun
(botany) A genus of the family Rhizophoraceae which includes the true mangroves
Supplement
Rhizophora is a genus of the family Rhizophoraceae. This family includes tropical and subtropical flowering plants. Members of this family are characterized by being woody, having opposite or whorled leaves, and producing flowers with nectary disc and typically five petals.
Rhizophora species are collectively known as (true) mangroves. They are often found inhabiting the intertidal zones. Thus, they are daily overrun by the ocean. Because they are often submerged to saline water they evolved several adaptations that enable them to survive such environment that is rather harsh to other plant species. One of these adaptations is the formation of adventitious roots. These adventitious roots allow elevate the Rhizophora plant above the water while the lower roots are submerged. Apart from this specialized root, it also has a cytological molecular pump mechanism. This allows the removal of excess salts from the plant cells.
Rhizophora mangle or the red mangrove tree is one of the most notable mangrove species. Other species are Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora stylosa (spotted mangrove).
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Malpighiales
  • Family: Rhizophoraceae
  • Genus: Rhizophora

Other common name(s):

  • true mangrove
  • See also:


    You will also like...

    New Zealand Flora & Fauna
    Ecology & Biodiversity: New Zealand Flora & Fauna

    New Zealand is known for its unique biodiversity, caused by its remarkable geography and geologic history. Breaking away..

    human brain structure
    The Conscious & Unconscious Nervous System

    This tutorial elaborates on how the nervous system works, particularly at the tissue level of the brain. There are three..

    "Opabinia regalis"
    The Evolutionary Development of Multicellular Organisms

    Multicellular organisms evolved. The first ones were likely in the form of sponges. Multicellularity led to the evolutio..

    Water Cycle
    The Water Cycle

    The water cycle (also referred to as the hydrological cycle) is a system of continuous transfer of water from the air, s..

    Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems
    Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems

    There are many environmental factors that arise due to the usage of water in one way or another and for every action tha..

    Gene Pool and Speciation
    The Gene Pool and Population Genetics

    According to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection, preferable genes are favored by nature in the gene pool, and ..