Dictionary > Ribonuclease

Ribonuclease

A transferase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ribonucleic acid.An enzyme that catalyses the depolymerization of RNA.ribonuclease
(Science: Biochemistry, Enzyme, Molecular biology) Widely distributed type of enzyme that cleaves rNA. May act as endonucleases or exonucleases depending upon the type of enzyme. Generally recognise target by tertiary structure rather than sequence.
Ribonuclease E is involved in the formation of 5S ribosomal RNA from pre rRNA.
Ribonuclease F is stimulated by interferons and cleaves viral and host rNA and thus inhibits protein synthesis.
Ribonuclease H specifically cleaves an rNA base paired to a complementary DNA strand.
Ribonuclease P is an endonuclease that generate t rNA from their precursor transcripts.
Ribonuclease T is an endonuclease that removes the terminal aMP from the 3′ cCA end of a nonaminoacylated tRNA. Ribonuclease T1 cleaves rNA specifically at guanosine residues. Ribonuclease TIII cleaves double stranded regions of RNA molecules.
Acronym: RNase


You will also like...

Types and Causes of Brain Damage
Types and Causes of Brain Damage

This tutorial describes the different types and causes of brain damage. Find out how genetics, physical injury, lack of ..

Transpiration
Water in Plants

The movement of molecules (specifically, water and solutes) is vital to the understanding of plant processes. This tuto..

A sperm cell fertilizing an ovum
Human Reproduction and Fertilization

For human species to obviate extinction, reproductive mature adults should be producing viable offspring in order to con..

New Zealand - Biodiversity fauna
New Zealand’s Biodiversity

Find out more about New Zealand's unique biodiversity by exploring a range of different ecosystems and the key role of s..

Evolution of Life - Ancient Earth
Evolution of Life – Ancient Earth

Autotrophs flourished, absorbing carbon and light. Soon after, primitive life forms that could assimilate oxygen thrived..

Independent Assortment and Crossing Over
Independent Assortment and Crossing Over

This tutorial describes the independent assortment of chromosomes and crossing over as important events in meiosis. Read..

Related Articles...

No related articles found

See all Related Topics