Dictionary > Serous cavity filariasis

Serous cavity filariasis

Definition
noun
A type of filariasis caused by filarial worms that typically occupy the serous cavity of the abdomen of their host
Supplement
Filariasis is a disease associated with the infection of filariae within the definitive host, e.g. human host. It may be classified into three groups: (1) lymphatic filariasis, (2) subcutaneous filariasis, and (3) serous cavity filariasis.
In serous cavity filariasis, the filariasis is caused by Mansonella perstans and Mansonella ozzardi. These roundworms occupy the serous cavity of the abdomen. They are transmitted by midges. Midges are small flies that feed on blood and therefore are important vectors of diseases. One of these diseases is filariasis. Mansonella perstans is found in sub-Saharan Africa, certain parts of Central and South America, and the Caribbean.1 Mansonella ozzardi is considered as a New World parasite. This nematode is endemic in Central and South America and the Caribbean.2
See also:

Reference(s):

1 Simonsen, P.E., Onapa, A.W., & Asio, S.M. (2010). “Mansonella perstans filariasis in Africa”. Acta Tropica 120: S109–S120.

2 Medeiros, J. F. et al. 2009. Mansonella ozzardi in Brazil: Prevalence of Infection in Riverine Communities in the Purus Region, in the State of Amazonas. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 31: 169-177.


You will also like...

Ecosystem Succession
Ecosystem Succession

If the balance of nature is left untouched, landscapes can change dramatically over time. A previous ecosystem is supers..

Cell Biology
Cell Biology

The cell is defined as the fundamental, functional unit of life. Some organisms are comprised of only one cell whereas o..

Regulation of Biological Systems
Regulation of Biological Systems

Regulation of Biological Systems tutorials are focused on the modulation of biological systems from cell to population l..

Evolution of Life - Ancient Earth
Evolution of Life – Ancient Earth

Autotrophs flourished, absorbing carbon and light. Soon after, primitive life forms that could assimilate oxygen thrived..

vitamins
A Balanced Vitamin Diet – Vitamins A – K

A balanced diet is essential to a healthy organism. Insufficiency or too much of a particular element or compound, such ..

Lotic community of algal species
Lotic Communities & Algae

Lotic communities have conditions that are rather harsh for typical plants. Thus, the diversity of plant species in loti..