Dictionary > Sorbose

Sorbose

Definition
noun
A ketohexose monosaccharide, (3S,4R,5S)-1,3,4,5,6-Pentahydroxyhexan-2-one, with a chemical formula of C6H12O6, and the laevorotatory configuaration (L-sorbose) is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of vitamin C
Supplement
Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrates. They may be classified based on the number of constituent carbon atoms. For instance, hexose is a monosaccharide with six carbon atoms. They may also be classified based on the functional group present: aldose and ketose. Sorbose is one of the hexose monosaccharides and classified as a ketose.
Sorbose is a ketohexose with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It has sweetness similar to sucrose. L-sorbose is the naturally-occurring type of sorbose.1 It has been found at trace levels in certain plants and fruits such as cocoa beans. The bacterium Acetobacter xylinum produces sorbose as a secondary product through the oxidation of sorbitol. It may also be formed by the oxidation of D-galactose.
Sorbose is a ketose used commercially in the synthesis of vitamin C (ascorbic acid).
IUPAC name:

  • (3S,4R,5S)-1,3,4,5,6-Pentahydroxyhexan-2-one

Chemical formula:

  • C6H12O6
  • Also called:

    • sorbinose
    • L-xylo-Hexulose

    See also:

  • monosaccharide
  • ketose
  • stereoisomer
  • Reference(s):

    1 Sorbose. (n.d.). Wikipedia.org. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sorbose

    2 Sorbose. (n.d.). National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved from https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/L-sorbose#section=Natural-Occurring-Sources


    You will also like...

    Protein (illustration)
    Protein Variety

    The sequence of amino acids determines the type of protein. Protein is synthesized according to the sequence of nucleoti..

    Fossil trilobite imprint in the sediment
    Insects

    There are more species of insects than any other species combined. This surely illustrates that insects have the selecti..

    Birth of a Human Baby
    Birth of a Human Baby

    Following nine months inside the mother's womb is the birth of the baby. Know the different stages of the birthing proce..

    Buttress roots
    Roots

    This study guide tackles plant roots in greater detail. It delves into the development of plant roots, the root structur..

    Evolution of Life - Ancient Earth
    Evolution of Life – Ancient Earth

    Autotrophs flourished, absorbing carbon and light. Soon after, primitive life forms that could assimilate oxygen thrived..

    mRNA
    Protein Synthesis

    Part of the genetic information is devoted to the synthesis of proteins. mRNA, a type of RNA, is produced as a transcri..