Dictionary > Valgus

Valgus

Definition
adjective
Of, or pertaining to the abnormal outward turning of a distal segment of a bone from the mid-line, especially of the limb
Supplement
Valgus is a medical term used to refer to the outward angulation of the distal segment of a bone or joint. It comes from the Latin term meaning bent outward. It should not be confused with the other related term varus which pertains to the inward deviation of the distal bone towards the midline.
An example of valgus deformities is pes valgus, which involves the foot. Pes valgus (from Latin pes meaning foot) is an eversion of the foot at the talocalcaneal or subtalar joint. It is usually combined with a breaking down of the plantar arch. Another is the talipes valgus (from Latin talus meaning ankle and pes meaning foot), which is the outward turning of the heel. This deformity of the ankle results in a clubfoot wherein the person walks on the inner part. Another form of vagus deformity is the cubitus valgus. Cubitus valgus (from Latin cubitus pertaining to elbow) is the medical term for a turned-in elbow. Coxa valga (from Latin coxa pertaining to hip) is the term used to refer to deformity involving the hip as the shaft of the femur is bent outward. Genu valgum (from Latin genu pertaining to knee) is a deformity of the knee resulting in knock-kneed legs where the knees are abnormally close together.1
Word origin: Latin valgus (bent outward)
Compare:

Related term(s):

  • pes valgus
  • Reference(s):

    1 Valgus deformity. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valgus-deformity.


    You will also like...

    Still freshwater and plants
    Still Freshwater & Plants

    Plants in lentic habitats have features not found in terrestrial plants. They acquired these features as they adapt to t..

    IQ, Creativity and Learning
    IQ, Creativity and Learning

    Human intelligence provided the means to utilize abstract ideas and implement reasoning. This tutorial takes a further l..

    Golgi apparatus (3-D illustration)
    Role of Golgi Apparatus & Endoplasmic Reticulum in Protein Synthesis

    The endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus are the organelles involved in the translation step of protein synthesis a..

    Balanced Diet
    A Balanced Diet – Minerals and Proteins

    Proteins and minerals can be derived from various dietary sources. They are essential for the proper growth and developm..

    Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems
    Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems

    There are many environmental factors that arise due to the usage of water in one way or another and for every action tha..

    Still Water Community Plants
    Still Water Community Plants

    This tutorial looks at the adaptations of freshwater plants for them to thrive in still water habitats. Familiarize your..