Dictionary > Varus

Varus

Definition
adjective
Of, pertaining to, or relating to a deformity wherein the distal segment of a bone or a joint (especially of a limb) is turned inwards towards the mid-line
Supplement
Varus is a medical term used to denote to the inward angulation of the distal segment of a bone or a joint. It is used as opposed to valgus, which denotes outward angulation. Varus is a Latin term meaning bent inward whereas valgus is a Latin that denotes being bent outward.
Pes varus is an example of a varus deformity. It is characterized by the inward turning of the heel or the inversion of the foot. In contrast, pes valgus is a deformity characterized by the outward turning of the heel or the inversion of the foot.
Another example is the coxa vara, which is a varus deformity involving the hip. The angle between the head and the shaft of the femur is reduced, resulting in a limp.1
Another is genu varum. From the Latin genu meaning knee, this deformity results when the tibia is turned inward with respect to the femur and the result is a bowlegged appearance.
Word origin: Latin varus (bent inward)
Compare:

See also:

  • clubfoot
  • Related term(s):

    Reference(s):

    1 Congenital Coxa Vara. Retrieved from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1259556-overview.


    You will also like...

    Cambial cells
    Plant Tissues

    Plant organs are comprised of tissues working together for a common function. The different types of plant tissues are m..

    Neurology of Illusions
    Neurology of Illusions

    Illusions are the perceptions and sensory data obtained from situations in which human error prevents us from seeing the..

    Genetic engineering
    Genetic Engineering Advantages & Disadvantages

    This tutorial presents the benefits and the possible adverse eventualities of genetic engineering. Know more about this ..

    Nephrolepis exaltata
    Vascular Plants: Ferns and Relatives

    Ferns and their relatives are vascular plants, meaning they have xylem and phloem tissues. Because of the presence of va..

    Biological Cell Defense
    Biological Cell Defense

    Organisms employ different strategies to boost its defenses against antigens. Humans have an immune system to combat pat..

    Hormone Production
    Hormone Production

    Hormones are chemical messengers produced by specialized glands and they were produced by switching on the genes designe..