56 results found

Search Results for: acceptor

Terminal electron acceptor

Definition noun A compound that receives or accepts an electron during oxidation of carbon source, e.g. during cellular... Read More

Hydrogen Acceptor

Any substance that is capable of becoming reduced and accepting hydrogen atoms, which allows the release of energy from such... Read More

Acceptor

Acceptor a compound that will take up a chemical group (e.g., an amine group, a methyl group, a carbamoyl group) from... Read More

Anaerobic respiration

Anaerobic Respiration Definition What is anaerobic respiration? Anaerobic respiration is a respiratory process that occurs... Read More

Electron acceptor

Definition noun A molecule that receives or accepts electrons from another molecule during a redox reaction. Supplement An... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Facultative anaerobe

Facultative Anaerobe Definition What does facultative anaerobe mean? Facultative organisms are the most adaptable... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More

Aerobic process

Definition noun, plural: aerobic processes A process that occurs and requires the presence of oxygen or air Supplement An... Read More

photobiology

Photobiology Definition Photobiology, the biology of light, is a subdiscipline in biology. It focuses on the effects of... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Energy Acceptor

Molecules capable of accepting energy, as in the example of the cytochrome system as part of the respiration... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Oxidoreductase

Definition noun, plural: oxidoreductase (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of electrons from an electron... Read More

Oxygen

Oxygen Definition In biochemistry, oxygen is the colorless, odorless, gaseous element represented by the symbol "O", with... Read More

Oxidation

Oxidation Definition How do we define oxidation? There are several definitions of the oxidation process. Oxidation can be... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Photodissociation

Definition noun The dissociation or decomposition of a chemical compound by means of light energy or photons. Supplement For... Read More

Photodecomposition

Definition noun The decomposition of a chemical compound by means of light energy or photons. Supplement For example, the... Read More

Respiratory chain

Definition noun A chain or series of redox reactions in cellular respiration wherein the transfer of electrons from an... Read More

Photosystem I

Definition noun The photosystem that makes use of light to transfer electron particualrly from plastocyanin to ferredoxin,... Read More

Accessory pigment

Definition noun, plural: accessory pigments A non-chlorophyll pigment inside the chloroplast of photosynthetic organisms,... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Animal cell

An animal cell is the fundamental functional unit of life of animals. It is also the basic unit of reproduction. Animal... Read More

Oxidizer

Definition noun, plural: oxidizers Any substance that has the ability to oxidize other substance. Supplement An oxidizing... Read More

Ionic bond

Definition noun plural: ionic bonds A type of chemical bond in which atoms, ions, or molecules are held together by... Read More

Obligate anaerobe

Definition noun An anaerobe that does not require oxygen and lives only in anaerobic environment. Supplement Exposure to... Read More

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Definition noun plural: adenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Definition noun The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by... Read More

Electron Transport System

The electron transport system occurs in the cristae of the mitochondria, where a series of cytochromes (cell pigments) and... Read More

Aerobic respiration

Definition noun (1) A form of cellular respiration that requires oxygen in order to generate energy. (2) The process of... Read More

Flavoprotein

Definition noun, plural: flavoproteins A protein containing a flavin moiety, e.g. flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and... Read More

Ecosystem

Ecosystem Definition An ecosystem is a system consisting of biotic and abiotic components that function together as a unit.... Read More

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is one of the chemical elements found in nature. A chemical element refers to the pure substance of one type of... Read More

Fad

Fad (Science: biochemistry) a riboflavin-containing hydrogen Acceptor molecule in the krebs Cycle of plant respiration and a... Read More

Carbohydrate

Definition noun plural: carbohydrates car·bo·hy·drate, kɑːbəʊˈhaɪdɹeɪt Any of the group of organic compounds... Read More