26 results found

Search Results for: albumin

Albumin

Albumin Definition What is albumin? Is albumin a protein? In biology, albumin is a protein that is responsible for the... Read More

Glycocalyx

What is the Glycocalyx? The glycocalyx is a polysaccharide-based gel-like, highly hydrous cellular thin layer, covering... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Estrogen

Definition noun, plural: estrogens A sex steroid hormone produced in large quantities chiefly in the ovaries in females;... Read More

Milk

milk 1. (Science: physiology) A white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their... Read More

Thyroxine

Definition noun, plural: thyroxines An iodine-containing hormone (chemical formula: C15H11I4NO4) produced by the thyroid... Read More

Amino sugar

Definition noun, plural: amino sugars A sugar molecule the nonglycosidic hydroxyl (–OH) group is replaced by an amine... Read More

Body fluid

Body Fluids Definition What is body fluid? Literally, body fluid is the fluid of the body. The adult human body is ~50-60%... Read More

Lipolysis

Definition noun The process of breaking down of lipids (fats) into fatty acids and glycerol Supplement Lipolysis is the... Read More

Micromolecule

Micromolecules Definition How to define micromolecule? Micromolecules are relatively small molecules that are combined... Read More

Cisterna

Definition noun plural: cisternae cis·ter·na, sɪˈstɜːnə (cell biology) The flattened membrane disk containing... Read More

Incomplete antibody

Incomplete antibody --> univalent antibody An incomplete form of antibody that may coat antigen, but which according to... Read More

Pinocytosis

Pinocytosis Definition What is pinocytosis?  Pinocytosis is the ingestion of extracellular fluids, i.e. the fluid... Read More

Lysozyme

Definition noun, plural: lysozymes A glycosidase that assists in the hydrolysis of glycosidic bond between N-acetyl muramic... Read More

Steroid hormone

Definition noun, plural: steroid hormones A type of steroid that acts as a hormone, and that which is exemplified by sex... Read More

Plasma

Definition noun (1) Fluid through which cellular components of blood, lymph, or intramuscular fluid are suspended (2)... Read More

Heat coagulation test

Heat coagulation test a test for measurement of protein in urine; albumin and globulin are coagulated by heat at an acid ph,... Read More

Fatty acid

Definition noun plural: fatty acids'' fatty acid, ˈfætɪ ˈæsɪd Any of the group of a long chain of hydrocarbon... Read More

Hydrophilic

Hydrophilic Definition What does a hydrophile (or hydrophilic molecule) mean? If a molecule is “water-loving”, it is... Read More

Diffusion shell

Diffusion shell a small vessel made of a semipermeable membrane through which peptone, but not serum albumin, can pass; used... Read More

Transport

In biology, transport refers to the act or the means by which a molecule or ion is moved across the cell membrane or via the... Read More

Progesterone

Definition noun, plural: progesterones A progestogen hormone, with a chemical formula of C21H30O2, naturally produced in... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Antigen

Antigen Definition What is an antigen? A simple definition is that an antigen refers to any substance that triggers an... Read More

Liver

Definition noun The glandular organ that stores and metabolizes nutrients, detoxifies, and produces bile Supplement In human... Read More

Circulation

Blood Blood is composed of a liquid, plasma, and blood cells such as erythrocytes (red blood cells,) leukocytes (white... Read More