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Search Results for: cellular respiration

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Anaerobic respiration

Anaerobic Respiration Definition What is anaerobic respiration? Anaerobic (cellular) respiration is a respiratory process... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Facultative anaerobe

Facultative Anaerobe Definition What does facultative anaerobe mean? Facultative organisms are the most adaptable... Read More

Mitochondrion

Mitochondrion Definition What are mitochondria? The term “mitochondrion” comes from the two words of the Greek... Read More

Redox reaction

Redox Reaction Definition What are redox reactions? This is a common term in chemistry and biology. In chemistry, a redox... Read More

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Definition noun plural: adenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is... Read More

Cell Respiration

As mentioned in the previous tutorial on ATP, the process of respiration is split into 3 distinct areas that occur at... Read More

Respiration

Definition noun, plural: respirations Any of the various analogous processes by which there is an exchange of... Read More

Oxygen

Oxygen Definition In biochemistry, oxygen is the colorless, odorless, gaseous element represented by the symbol "O", with... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Krebs cycle

Definition noun A cycle of reactions catalyzed by enzymes in which the pyruvate derived from nutrients and converted to... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

ATP & ADP – Biological Energy

ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate, and is the energy used by an organism in its daily operations. It consists of an... Read More

Oxidation

Oxidation Definition How do we define oxidation? There are several definitions of the oxidation process. Oxidation can be... Read More

Glycolysis

Definition noun The initial metabolic pathway of cellular respiration in which a series of reactions happening in the... Read More

Micromolecule

Micromolecules Definition How to define micromolecule? Micromolecules are relatively small molecules that are combined... Read More

Aerobic bacteria

Aerobic Bacteria Definition What does aerobic mean in biology? As the name suggests, 'aerobe' in biology means organisms... Read More

Energy coupling

What is Energy Coupling? Work, whether it be physical or biological, requires energy to be expended. In biological... Read More

Living things

Living Things Definition A living thing pertains to any organism or a life form that possesses or shows the characteristics... Read More

Biotic factor

Biotic Factor Definition Biotic factors (also known as biotic components) are the living component in an ecosystem. The... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Oxidative phosphorylation

Definition noun A metabolic pathway that generates ATP from ADP through phosphorylation that derives the energy from the... Read More

Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway

Definition noun A glycolytic pathway whereby glucose is metabolized and converted ultimately to pyruvate, and results in a... Read More

Organelle

An organelle refers to any of the various cellular structures that perform a distinctive function inside a cell. The cell is... Read More

Carbon dioxide

Carbon Dioxide Definition noun, car·bon di·ox·ide, /daɪˈɒksaɪd/ (biochemistry) An inorganic compound, with the... Read More

Microaerophile

Definition noun, plural: microaerophiles An organism that lives in environment that only has a low level of... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Aerobic respiration

Definition noun (1) A form of cellular respiration that requires oxygen in order to generate energy. (2) The process of... Read More

Aerobic process

Definition noun, plural: aerobic processes A process that occurs and requires the presence of oxygen or air Supplement An... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Active transport

Active transport is a type of cellular transport in which substances (e.g. ions, glucose, and amino acids) are transported... Read More

Cell

A cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular organisms,... Read More

Monosaccharide

Definition noun plural: monosaccharides mon·o·sac·cha·ride, ˈmɒ.nəʊˈsæk.ə.ɹaɪd (biochemistry) A simple... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

Effect of Chemicals on Growth & Development in Organisms

Plants Plants require a large number of elements to function properly, mainly carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, essentially... Read More

Great Oxygenation Event

Definition noun The appearance of dioxygen (O2) in the atmosphere of the earth as a result of biological activity,... Read More

Citric Acid Cycle

Definition noun (1) A cycle of reactions catalyzed by enzymes in which pyruvate derived from nutrients and converted to... Read More

Lipogenesis

Definition noun The synthesis of lipid (fat) Supplement Lipogenesis is the process of producing lipid or fat. In biology,... Read More