36 results found

Search Results for: chloroplast dna

Chloroplast DNA

Definition noun plural: chloroplast DNAs DNA in the chloroplast that carries the code for proteins and RNAs essential to... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA Definition noun plural: mitochondrial DNAs The genetic material in the mitochondrion that carries code... Read More

Chloroplast

Chloroplast Definition What is chloroplast? In biology, a chloroplast refers to the organelle found within the cell of... Read More

Chromosome

Chromosomes Definition Chromosomes are the thread-like structure present in the nucleus of plant and animal cells.... Read More

Genetic material

Genetic Material Definition What is genetic material? Genetic material is the hereditary substance in the cell. It carries... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Genome

Genome Definition What is a genome? As defined in biology, a genome is a complete set of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) within... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More

Eukaryote

Eukaryote refers to any of the single-celled or multicellular organisms whose cell contains a distinct, membrane-bound... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Protist

Protist Definition What is a protist? All protists are eukaryotes, i.e. organisms with a nucleus. However, they are... Read More

Eukaryotic cells

Eukaryotic Cells Definition What is a eukaryotic cell? Eukaryotic cells refer to the cells of (or derived from) eukaryotes,... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Organelle

The cell is regarded as the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure... Read More

Prokaryote

Prokaryote refers to any of the group of living organisms primarily characterized by the lack of a true nucleus and other... Read More

Cell

A biological cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular... Read More

Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant Cells Most cells are not visible with the naked eye. However, with microscopes of various types, plant cells can be... Read More

Prophase

Prophase is the first stage of mitosis; the very first step in this crucial process of the M-phase of the cell cycle. Now as... Read More

Ribosome

A biological cell is composed of many components called organelles. These organelles serve their specific purposes to make... Read More

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: ribosomal ribonucleic acids ri•bo•so•mal ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈraɪ... Read More

Dinoflagellate

A dinoflagellate is a flagellate algae characterized by their two flagella of unequal length. One of the flagella is lying... Read More

Cytokinin

Plants require growth hormones for their regulated growth. Plant growth hormones or regulators (PGRs) are small organic... Read More

Proplastid

Definition noun, plural: proplastids A small, colourless organelle that gives rise to a plastid (e.g. chloroplast,... Read More

Organization

Organization Definition The meaning of the term "organization" is very simple. It means the state wherein things are... Read More

Extranuclear inheritance

Definition noun A form of non-Mendelian inheritance in which a trait was transmitted from the parent to offspring through... Read More

Extracellular inheritance

Definition noun A form of non-Mendelian inheritance in which a trait was transmitted from the parent to offspring through... Read More

Plastid

Definition noun, plural: plastids A double membrane bound organelle involved in the synthesis and storage of food, and is... Read More

C4 plant

Carbon fixation is a process of taking carbon dioxide in order to synthesize sugar, such as glucose. Thus, carbon dioxide is... Read More

Photosynthesis – Photolysis and Carbon Fixation

Photosynthesis is the means that primary producers (mostly plants) can obtain energy via light energy. The energy gained... Read More

Matrix

Bodies of living organisms are organized structures. These are organized in a hierarchy of organ systems, organs, tissues,... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Intron

Definition noun, plural: introns (molecular biology) A noncoding, intervening sequence of DNA within a gene that is... Read More

Plant

Plant Definition (botany) Any of the eukaryotic organisms of the biological kingdom Plantae, characterized by being... Read More

Golgi apparatus

Definition noun Gol·gi ap·pa·rat·us, ˈgɔl dʒi ˌæpəˈreɪtəs (cell biology) An organelle that is comprised of... Read More

Lysosome

Lysosome Definition noun plural: lysosomes ly·so·some, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm (cell biology) Organelle containing a large... Read More