22 results found

Search Results for: cytochrome

Cell Respiration

As mentioned in the previous tutorial on ATP, the process of respiration is split into 3 distinct areas that occur at... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA Definition noun plural: mitochondrial DNAs The genetic material in the mitochondrion that carries code... Read More

ATP & ADP – Biological Energy

ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate, and is the energy used by an organism in its daily operations. It consists of an... Read More

Dopamine

Definition noun, plural: dopamines 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (chemical formula: C8H11NO2); a neurotransmitter or a hormone... Read More

Lactobacillus casei

Definition noun A non-pathogenic and harmless bacterium recognized widely as probiotics that controls growth of various... Read More

Effect of Chemicals on Growth & Development in Organisms

Plants Plants require a large number of elements to function properly, mainly carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, essentially... Read More

A Balanced Diet – Minerals and Proteins

Minerals Various minerals in the Earth's crust are required for a healthy balanced diet. These inorganic compounds have... Read More

Chloroplast DNA

Definition noun plural: chloroplast DNAs DNA in the chloroplast that carries the code for proteins and RNAs essential to... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Aldosterone

Definition noun, plural: aldosterones A mineralocorticoid with a chemical formula of C21H28O5, and controls salt and water... Read More

Enterobacteriaceae

Definition noun: (taxonomy) A family of gram-negative bacilli that inhabit the large intestine of humans and other... Read More

Peripheral membrane protein

Definition noun, plural: peripheral membrane proteins A protein that temporarily adheres to the biological membrane, either... Read More

Cofactor

Definition noun, plural: cofactors (biochemistry) An inorganic complement of an enzyme reaction Supplement Cofactors... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Energy Acceptor

Molecules capable of accepting energy, as in the example of the cytochrome system as part of the respiration... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Oxidase

oxidase Classically, one of a group of enzymes, now termed oxidoreductases (EC class 1), that bring about oxidation by the... Read More

Dehydrogenase

Dehydrogenase (Science: enzyme) enzyme that oxidizes a substrate by transferring hydrogen to an acceptor that is either... Read More

Testosterone

Definition noun, plural: testosterones A steroid hormone with a chemical formula of C19H28O2, and is regarded as the primary... Read More