421 results found

Search Results for: d enzyme

Enzyme

An enzyme is a biomolecule that can be synthesized biologically (naturally occurring) or through other processes... Read More

Vmax

Vmax Definition Vmax is the maximal reaction rate or velocity of an enzymatically catalyzed reaction when the enzyme is... Read More

Induced enzyme

Induced enzyme Inducible enzyme, an enzyme that can be detected in a growing culture of a microorganism, after the addition... Read More

D enzyme

D enzyme --> 4-alpha-d-glucanotransferase dextrin transglycosylase or glycosyltransferase;a 4-glycosyltransferase converting... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Substrate

Substrate Definition What is a "substrate"? The underlying substances or layers are termed as substrate. The definitions of... Read More

Ligase

An enzyme is a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to speed up a biochemical reaction. It is usually a protein molecule... Read More

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is a physio-chemical process carried out by photo-auto-lithotrophs by converting light energy into chemical... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Apoenzyme

Enzymes are biological catalysts that can increase the rate of chemical reactions in living organisms. Enzymes can only... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Alanine

What is alanine? Alanine is a non-essential amino acid. There are two types of amino acids for mammals namely essential and... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Induced fit model

Induced-Fit Model Definition The induced-fit model is a model for enzyme-substrate interaction to describe that the... Read More

Lock-and-key model

Lock-and-key model Definition Lock-and-key model is a model for enzyme-substrate interaction suggesting that the enzyme and... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Nucleotide

Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of nucleic acid (e.g. DNA and RNA). A nucleic... Read More

C4 plant

Carbon fixation is a process of taking carbon dioxide in order to synthesize sugar, such as glucose. Thus, carbon dioxide is... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More

Cytidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of cytidine (a cytosine... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Lysosomal enzyme

Definition noun plural: lysosomal enzymes ly·so·somal en·zyme, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm əl ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) Any of... Read More

Isomaltose

Definition noun plural: isomaltoses i·so·mal·tose, aɪsoʊˈmɔːltəʊz A disaccharide formed from the combination of... Read More

Pyrimidine

Definition noun plural: pyrimidines py·rim·i·dine, py·rim·i·dine A heterocyclic aromatic compound that presents as... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Substrate specificity

Definition noun A feature of enzyme activity with regard to the kind of substrate reacting with an enzyme to yield a... Read More

Replication

Replication, in the general sense, is to create a copy or a duplicate. Thus, in biology, replication is commonly associated... Read More

Isomaltulose

Definition noun plural: isomaltuloses A disaccharide comprised of a glucose monomer and a fructose monomer joined by... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Restriction enzyme

Definition noun, plural: restriction enzymes An enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of DNA at restriction sites, producing... Read More

Steroidogenesis

Definition noun, plural: steroidogeneses The biosynthesis of steroid hormones from cholesterol by various cells, such as... Read More

Thymine

Definition noun plural: thymines thy·mine, ˈθaɪmɪn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in the DNA molecule that... Read More

Uridine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Ecori restriction enzyme

Ecori restriction enzyme (Science: enzyme molecular biology) a commonly-used restriction enzyme (enzyme which will cleave... Read More