20 results found

Search Results for: dna sequence analysis

Dna sequence analysis

Dna sequence analysis (Science: molecular biology) determination of the nucleotide Sequence of a length of dna. Typically,... Read More

Chromatin

Chromatin Definition What is chromatin in a cell? Chromatin is a complex of nucleic acids (e.g. DNA or RNA) and proteins... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA Definition noun plural: mitochondrial DNAs The genetic material in the mitochondrion that carries code... Read More

Genome

Genome Definition What is a genome? As defined in biology, a genome is a complete set of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) within... Read More

Chromosome

Chromosomes Definition Chromosomes are the thread-like structure present in the nucleus of plant and animal cells.... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Missense mutation

What is a missense mutation? Literally speaking, a mutation that changes the meaning of the encoded gene sequence is the... Read More

Polymorphism

Polymorphism Definition The occurrence of two or more different forms or morphs in the population of a species is referred... Read More

Allele

Allele Definition What are alleles? An allele is a term coined to describe a specific copy of a gene. Genes, the DNA... Read More

Phylogenetics

Phylogenetics Definition Phylogenetics is the scientific study of phylogeny. It studies evolutionary relationships among... Read More

Oligonucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides ol·i·go·nu·cle·o·tide, ŏl′ĭ-gō-no͞o′klē-ə-tīd A short polymer... Read More

Cloning

Cloning Definition In biology, cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Biology

Biology Definition Biology is the branch of science that primarily deals with the structure, function, growth, evolution,... Read More

Consensus sequence

Consensus sequence Of a series of related dna, rna or protein sequences, the sequence that reflects the most common choice... Read More

Phylogeny

Phylogeny refers to the evolutionary history of the development of a species or of a taxonomic group of organisms. The... Read More

Chromosomal inversion

Definition noun, plural: chromosomal inversions A chromosomal aberration wherein a segment of a chromosome is reversed... Read More

Fluorescence microscopy

Definition noun A technique using a light microscope to study properties of organic or inorganic substances using the... Read More

Archaea

Archaea is a group of prokaryotic life forms distinct from bacteria forming a separate domain of life. They possess... Read More

Multiple alleles

Alleles are the pairs of genes occupying a specific spot called locus on a chromosome. Typically, there are only two alleles... Read More