22 results found

Search Results for: gene-splicing

Gene-splicing

The technology of preparing recombinant dna in vitro by cutting up dna molecules and splicing together fragments from more... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Genetic Engineering Advantages & Disadvantages

  Through genetic engineering, scientists are able to move desirable genes from one plant or animal to another or... Read More

Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Eukaryotic Gene Structure In prokaryotes the DNA is located in the... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Nuclear body

Definition noun plural: nuclear bodies nu·cle·ar bod‧y, ˈnjuː.kli.ər ˈbɒdi Any of the prominent non-membraned,... Read More

Nucleoplasm

Definition noun plural: nucleoplasm nu·cle·o·plasm, ˈnjuːklɪəˌplæzəm (cell biology) The protoplasm of the... Read More

Intron

Definition noun, plural: introns (molecular biology) A noncoding, intervening sequence of DNA within a gene that is... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Split gene

Definition noun A gene that when transcribed results in pre-mRNA containing exons interrupted by introns Supplement Split... Read More

Splicing

splicing (Science: molecular biology) The process by which introns are removed from hnRNA to produce mature messenger RNA... Read More

Restriction enzyme

Definition noun, plural: restriction enzymes An enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of DNA at restriction sites, producing... Read More

Restriction endonuclease

Definition noun, plural: restriction enzymes An endonuclease that cleaves DNA at specific sites, producing small fragments... Read More

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More

Genetic engineering

Definition noun The technology entailing all processes of altering the genetic material of a cell to make it capable of... Read More

Nucleolus

Nucleolus Definition noun plural: nucleoli nu·cle·o·lus, njuːˈkliːələs (cell biology) The round granular... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More

Fibronectin

Fibronectin (Science: protein) glycoprotein of high molecular weight (2 chains each of 250 kd linked by disulphide bonds)... Read More

Recombinant DNA

Definition noun Genetically-engineered DNA molecule formed by splicing fragments of DNA from a different source or from... Read More

Exon

Definition noun, plural: exons (molecular biology) 1. The protein-coding region in the DNA. 2. The nucleic acid sequence in... Read More