64 results found

Search Results for: light reactions

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Light reactions

Definition noun The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

Autotroph

Autotroph Definition What is an autotroph? In biology and ecology, an autotroph is an organism capable of making nutritive... Read More

Accessory pigment

Definition noun, plural: accessory pigments A non-chlorophyll pigment inside the chloroplast of photosynthetic organisms,... Read More

photobiology

Photobiology Definition Photobiology, the biology of light, is a subdiscipline in biology. It focuses on the effects of... Read More

Dark reaction

Definition noun The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light to proceed, and ultimately... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Chloroplast

Chloroplast Definition What is chloroplast? In biology, a chloroplast refers to the organelle found within the cell of... Read More

Oxidation

Oxidation Definition How do we define oxidation? There are several definitions of the oxidation process. Oxidation can be... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Sunlight

Definition noun The electromagnetic radiation of the sun that reaches the earth, particularly infrared, visible light, and... Read More

Light

Definition noun (1) (physics) The electromagnetic radiation of any wavelength, or sometimes only referring to a range of... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Light-independent reaction

Definition noun The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light to proceed, and ultimately... Read More

Lights’ Effect on Growth

Plants are the primary producers of energy in any ecosystem, meaning that they bring in new energy to it which supports... Read More

Photosystem

Definition noun, plural: photosystems A multisubunit complex found mainly in the thylakoid membranes of plants and algae,... Read More

Photosynthesis

Definition noun The synthesis of complex organic material using carbon dioxide, water, inorganic salts, and light energy... Read More

Ecosystem

Ecosystem Definition An ecosystem is a system consisting of biotic and abiotic components that function together as a unit.... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

Calvin- Benson-Bassham cycle

Definition noun A cyclical series of biochemical reactions that occur in the stroma of chloroplasts during... Read More

Calvin-Benson cycle

Definition noun A cyclical series of biochemical reactions that occur in the stroma of chloroplasts during... Read More

Calvin cycle

Definition noun A cyclical series of biochemical reactions that occur in the stroma of chloroplasts during... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Carotene

Definition noun, plural: carotenes Any of the group of carotenoids characterized by the lack of oxygen on its molecular... Read More

Visible light

Definition noun The electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 400 nm and 750 nm and can produce a visual... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Xanthophyll

Definition noun, plural: xanthophylls A type of carotenoid in which its molecular structure contains... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Flavin mononucleotide

Definition noun plural: flavin mononucleotides fla·vin mon·o·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌmɒnəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A... Read More

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Definition noun plural: adenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is... Read More

Biotic factor

Biotic Factor Definition Biotic factors (also known as biotic components) are the living component in an ecosystem. The... Read More

Red drop effect

red drop effect experimental observation that the photosynthetic efficiency of monochromatic light is greatly reduced above... Read More

Guanine

Definition noun plural: guanines gua·nine, ˈɡwɑː.niːn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Thymine

Definition noun plural: thymines thy·mine, ˈθaɪmɪn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in the DNA molecule that... Read More

Origins of Life on Earth

Although Earth was created around 4.5 billion years ago, life began to exist not long after. Due to the huge timescales... Read More