141 results found

Search Results for: organic compound

Organic compound

Organic Compound Definition An organic compound is a compound that, in general, contains carbon covalently bound to other... Read More

Inorganic compound

Inorganic Compound Definition An inorganic compound is a chemical compound lacking both carbon-carbon (C-C) and... Read More

Compound

Definition noun plural: compounds com·pound, ˈkɒmpaʊnd (general) A material made up of two or more parts or... Read More

Carbon

Carbon is one of the chemical elements found in nature. A chemical element refers to the pure substance of one type of atom.... Read More

Organic matter

Definition noun Any of the carbon-based compounds found in nature Supplement Organic matter pertains to any of the... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Biotic factor

Biotic Factor Definition Biotic factors (also known as biotic components) are the living component in an ecosystem. The... Read More

Carbon dioxide

Carbon Dioxide Definition noun, car·bon di·ox·ide, /daɪˈɒksaɪd/ (biochemistry) An inorganic compound, with the... Read More

Lipid

A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them are organic molecules. The... Read More

Dehydration reaction

What is dehydration synthesis? A dehydration reaction is a form of biochemical reaction wherein a water molecule is lost or... Read More

Covalent bond

Covalent Bond Definition What is a covalent bond? In chemistry and other fundamental science fields, a covalent bond is... Read More

Organic

Definition noun, plural: organics (Chemistry) An organic compound; or any substance containing carbon-based compounds,... Read More

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is one of the chemical elements found in nature. A chemical element refers to the pure substance of one type of... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Apoenzyme

Enzymes are biological catalysts that can increase the rate of chemical reactions in living organisms. Enzymes can only... Read More

Carbon fixation

Carbon Fixation Definition We know that the earth contains many elements. The periodic table shows us just how many... Read More

Chemoheterotroph

Definition noun, plural: chemoheterotrophs An organism deriving energy by ingesting intermediates or building blocks that it... Read More

Biomolecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral, group of atoms that can exist alone in a free state while its characteristic... Read More

Nitrification

Definition noun A process wherein a nitro group is added to an organic compound Supplement Nitrification is a process where... Read More

Photoheterotroph

Definition noun, plural: photoheterotrophs An organism that depends on light for most of its energy and principally on... Read More

Oxygen

Oxygen Definition In biochemistry, oxygen is the colorless, odorless, gaseous element represented by the symbol "O", with... Read More

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is a physio-chemical process carried out by photo-auto-lithotrophs by converting light energy into chemical... Read More

Light-independent reaction

The process of photosynthesis is a biological procedure in which plants produce oxygen and energy (sugar) by using light... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Vitamin

Definition noun, plural: vitamins A low molecular weight organic compound that is essential for normal growth and metabolic... Read More

Nucleotide

Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of nucleic acid (e.g. DNA and RNA). A nucleic... Read More

Synthesis

Definition noun, plural: syntheses (biochemistry) The production of an organic compound in a living thing, especially as... Read More

Phenol coefficient

Chemical disinfectants are categorized based on the power of their disinfection for microbes and viruses. Strong... Read More

Anaerobic respiration

Anaerobic Respiration Definition What is anaerobic respiration? Anaerobic (cellular) respiration is a respiratory process... Read More

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Definition noun plural: adenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is... Read More

Biosynthesis

Definition noun The production of a complex chemical compound from simpler precursors in a living organism, usually... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Cyclic compound

Cyclic compound Any compound in which the constituent atoms, or any part of them, form a ring. Used mainly in organic... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More

Oxidation

Oxidation Definition How do we define oxidation? There are several definitions of the oxidation process. Oxidation can be... Read More

C3 carbon fixation pathway

Definition noun A metabolic pathway where CO2 is converted to 3-phosphogylycerate, the first stable intermediate organic... Read More

Dinucleotide

Definition noun plural: dinucleotides di·nu·cle·o·tide, daɪ njuːklɪəˌtaɪd An organic compound comprised of two... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More