109 results found

Search Results for: organic molecule

Organic molecule

Definition noun 1. A molecule that is normally found in or produced by living systems. 2. A molecule that typically... Read More

Inorganic molecule

Definition noun, plural: inorganic molecules (1) A molecule not consisting of carbon atoms. (2) Any molecule that is not... Read More

Organic compound

Definition noun plural: organic compounds A compound that, in general, contains carbon covalently bound to other atoms,... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Light-independent reaction

The process of photosynthesis is a biological procedure in which plants produce oxygen and energy (sugar) by using light... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is one of the chemical elements found in nature. A chemical element refers to the pure substance of one type of... Read More

Anaerobic respiration

Anaerobic Respiration Definition What is anaerobic respiration? Anaerobic (cellular) respiration is a respiratory process... Read More

Molecule

Definition noun, plural: molecules A tiny or a very small piece (of something). (biology or biochemistry) An extremely small... Read More

Organic

Definition noun, plural: organics (Chemistry) An organic compound; or any substance containing carbon-based compounds,... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Micromolecule

Micromolecules Definition How to define micromolecule? Micromolecules are relatively small molecules that are combined... Read More

Inorganic compound

Definition noun plural: inorganic compounds A chemical compound lacking both carbon-carbon (C-C) and carbon-hydrogen... Read More

Chemoheterotroph

Definition noun, plural: chemoheterotrophs An organism deriving energy by ingesting intermediates or building blocks that it... Read More

Living things

Living Things Definition A living thing pertains to any organism or a life form that possesses or shows the characteristics... Read More

Lipid

Definition noun plural: lipids lip·id, ˈlɪp ɪd, ˈlaɪ pɪd A fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble... Read More

Covalent bond

Covalent Bond Definition What is a covalent bond? In chemistry and other fundamental science fields, a covalent bond is... Read More

Ecosystem

Ecosystem Definition An ecosystem is a system consisting of biotic and abiotic components that function together as a unit.... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Compound

Definition noun plural: compounds com·pound, ˈkɒmpaʊnd (general) A material made up of two or more parts or... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More

Movement of Molecules Across Cell Membranes

Diffusion Diffusion is essentially the movement of molecules from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Carbon fixation

Carbon Fixation Definition We know that the earth contains many elements. The periodic table shows us just how many... Read More

Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

Organic Metabolism Events of Absorptive and Post-absorptive States. The absorptive state is the period during which... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: oligosaccharides ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A... Read More

Hydrophobic

Hydrophobic Definition The fear of mixing or reacting with water under a given set of reaction parameters is often referred... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More