30 results found

Search Results for: phosphatase

Phosphatase

phosphatase (Science: enzyme) That hydrolyse phosphomonoesters. Acid phosphatases are specific for the single charged... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Lysosomal enzyme

Definition noun plural: lysosomal enzymes ly·so·somal en·zyme, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm əl ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) Any of... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Subunit

Definition noun, plural: subunits (general) A subdivision or a distinct component of a larger unit Supplement The word... Read More

Lipogenesis

Definition noun The synthesis of lipid (fat) Supplement Lipogenesis is the process of producing lipid or fat. In biology,... Read More

Trehalose

Definition noun plural: trehaloses tre·ha·lose, loʊs A disaccharide made up of two α-glucose molecules, and serves as... Read More

Gap 2-M DNA damage checkpoint

Definition noun (cell biology) A control mechanism in G2 phase of the cell cycle that ensures the cell is ready for cell... Read More

Osteoclast

Definition noun, plural: osteoclasts (cytology) A type of bone cell that is large, multinucleated, and associated with bone... Read More

Histiocyte

Definition noun, plural: histiocytes A reticular connective tissue macrophage or a dendritic cell, derived from the bone... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

White adipose tissue

Definition noun, plural: white adipose tissues A type of adipose tissue found in mammals used to store energy and acts as... Read More

Cisterna

Definition noun plural: cisternae cis·ter·na, sɪˈstɜːnə (cell biology) The flattened membrane disk containing... Read More

Gluconeogenesis

Definition noun The metabolic process in which glucose is formed from non-carbohydrate precursors Supplement Glucose is an... Read More

Lipid

Definition noun plural: lipids lip·id, ˈlɪp ɪd, ˈlaɪ pɪd A fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Mannitol

Definition noun plural: mannitols man·ni·tol, ˈmæn ɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweetish taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Glycoprotein

Definition noun, plural: glycoproteins Any of the conjugated proteins, characterized by having one or more... Read More

Semen

Definition noun The slimy whitish fluid comprised of sperm cells and secretions from the sexual glands released at orgasm... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Carbohydrate

Definition noun plural: carbohydrates car·bo·hy·drate, kɑːbəʊˈhaɪdɹeɪt Any of the group of organic compounds... Read More

Marker enzyme

Definition noun, plural: marker enzymes Any enzyme confined to a particular organelle, cell, or cellular... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

King-armstrong unit

King-armstrong unit --> king unit The quantity of phosphatase that, acting upon disodium phenylphosphate in excess, at ph... Read More

Smac 25

smac 25 (Science: investigation) A blood chemistry panel, often used as a general screening tool, which includes measurement... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More