26 results found

Search Results for: specificity

Sensitivity and specificity

Definition noun Statistical measures for assessing the results of diagnostics and screening tests wherein sensitivity... Read More

Substrate specificity

Definition noun A feature of enzyme activity with regard to the kind of substrate reacting with an enzyme to yield a... Read More

Specificity

specificity The ability of the immune response to interact with individual... Read More

Stereospecificity

Definition noun Relate to the specific points along the chain of configurations resulting in the spatial arrangement of... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Substrate

Substrate Definition What is a "substrate"? The underlying substances or layers are termed as substrate. The definitions of... Read More

Apoenzyme

Enzymes are biological catalysts that can increase the rate of chemical reactions in living organisms. Enzymes can only... Read More

Radial immunodiffusion

Definition noun A quantitative immunodiffusion technique used to detect the level of protein (antigen) in a sample by... Read More

Sorting out

sorting out phenomenon observed to occur when mixed aggregates of dissimilar embryonic cell types are formed in vitro. The... Read More

Between Necessity and Probability: Searching for the Definition and Origin of Life (Advances in Astrobiology and Biogeophysics)

Between Necessity and Probability: Searching for the Definition and Origin of Life (Advances in Astrobiology and... Read More

Sensory Systems

A sensory system is a part of the nervous system consisting of sensory receptors that receive stimuli from the internal and... Read More

Lock-and-key model

Lock-and-key model Definition Lock-and-key model is a model for enzyme-substrate interaction suggesting that the enzyme and... Read More

Phosphatase

phosphatase (Science: enzyme) That hydrolyse phosphomonoesters. Acid phosphatases are specific for the single charged... Read More

Gelatinase

Definition noun, plural: gelatinases (1) Pepsin B derived from pepsinogen B. It is similar to pepsin A but with more... Read More

Organ

Definition noun, plural: organs A group of tissues that perform a specific function or group of functions Supplement An... Read More

Tissue distribution

tissue distribution accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its... Read More

Cell adhesion

Cell Adhesion Definition Cell adhesion is the process in which a cell uses a specialized complex of proteins to get... Read More

Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity Definition Hypersensitivity is the exaggerated immune response to protect the human from foreign bodies... Read More

Phospholipid

What is a phospholipid? Phospholipids are a subgroup of lipids. Other major types of lipids are fatty acids, sphingolipids,... Read More

Codominance

Codominance Definition Codominance is a form of inheritance wherein the alleles of a gene pair in a heterozygote are fully... Read More

Silent mutation

A mutation is a change in the nucleotide sequence of a gene or a chromosome. When there is only one nucleotide involved, it... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Host cell

Host Cells Definition What is a host cell? A host cell is a living cell that serves as a shelter and a food source to the... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Human milk oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: human milk oligosaccharides An oligosaccharide that occurs in high concentrations and exclusively... Read More