34 results found

Search Results for: translocation

Translocation

Definition noun (1) A change of location; displacement; a transfer of location. (2) (genetics) Chromosomal translocation,... Read More

Group translocation

Definition noun A mechanism utilized by bacteria to transport a compound into their cell by first allowing the compound to... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Companion cell

Definition noun (botany) Any of the metabolically-active parenchyma cells associated with a sieve tube element in the phloem... Read More

Phloem parenchyma

Definition noun The parenchyma cells in between the sieve tubes of the phloem, and functions primarily for food... Read More

Sieve element

Definition noun (botany) A food-conducting cell in the phloem of vascular plants Supplement The phloem is the vascular... Read More

Secondary phloem

Definition noun The type of phloem derived from the secondary meristems of a vascular plant Supplement The phloem is a... Read More

Primary phloem

Definition noun The type of phloem derived from the primary meristem during the development of a vascular... Read More

Sieve tube

Definition noun, plural: sieve tubes (botany) Any of the tubes in the phloem comprised of cells joined end-to-end through... Read More

Derivative chromosome

Derivative chromosome An anomalous chromosome generated by translocation. Synonym: translocation... Read More

Phloem

Definition noun, plural: phloems A vascular tissue in plants that functions primarily in transporting organic food materials... Read More

Homologous chromosome

A homologous chromosome pertains to one of a pair of chromosomes with the same gene sequence, loci, chromosomal length, and... Read More

Patau syndrome

Definition noun A genetic disorder caused by genetic changes in chromosome 13, such as an extra copy of chromosome 13... Read More

Sieve-tube element

Definition noun, plural: sieve tube elements A specialized type of sclerenchyma cell that forms a sieve tube of... Read More

Sieve cell

Definition noun, plural: sieve cells (botany) The main conductive cell in the phloem of the gymnosperms and... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Insertion (genetics)

In genetics, insertion refers to the type of mutation characterized by the insertion of one or few nucleotide base pairs to... Read More

Phloem sclerenchyma

Definition noun The sclerenchyma cells in the phloem of many vascular plants, and is responsible for providing mechanical... Read More

Element

Element Definition noun plural: elements el‧e‧ment, ˈel.ɪ.mənt (biochemistry) A substance that cannot be... Read More

Metaphloem

Definition noun, plural: metaphloems A component of the primary phloem that develops often following the differentiation of... Read More

Protophloem

Definition noun, plural: protophloems The first phloem to develop from the procambium Supplement The phloem is a vascular... Read More

Bast fiber

Definition noun (botany) The durable, nonliving sclerenchyma fiber in the phloem, providing support to the... Read More

Phloem fiber

Definition noun (botany) The elongated sclerenchyma cells in the phloem, and is responsible for providing tension strength... Read More

Bark

Definition noun, plural: barks (botany) The outermost covering of stems and roots of woody plants (especially trees), and is... Read More

Protoxylem

Definition noun The first xylem to develop from the procambium, and characterized by narrow tracheary elements with annular,... Read More

Vascular tissue

Definition noun, plural: vascular tissues (botany) A complex permanent tissue involved in the conduction of materials (e.g.... Read More

Sec

Sec 1. Abbreviation for selenocycsteine. Insertion into selenoenzymes is accomplished by the specific tRNA(sec). 2. E. Coli... Read More

Cotranslational transport

Definition noun The process by which protein synthesis is closely coupled with the translocation of the growing protein to... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Deletion mutation

Definition noun, plural: deletion mutations (genetics) A type of mutation wherein one or few nucleotide base pairs are... Read More