41 results found

Search Results for: wheat

Wheat

wheat (Science: botany) A cereal grass (triticum vulgare) and its grain, which furnishes a white flour for bread, and, next... Read More

Polygenic inheritance

Polygenic inheritance refers to the kind of inheritance in which the trait is produced from the cumulative effects of many... Read More

Growth and Plant Hormones

Growth All living organisms begin in the same form: as a single cell. That cell will divide and the resulting cells will... Read More

C4 plant

Carbon fixation is a process of taking carbon dioxide in order to synthesize sugar, such as glucose. Thus, carbon dioxide is... Read More

Allopolyploidy

Definition noun (genetics) A type of euploidy wherein the additional set of chromosomes is derived from another species,... Read More

Abiogenesis

Definition noun plural: abiogeneses a·bi·o·gen·e·sis, eɪbaɪəʊˈdʒɛnəsɪs (1) The idea that primitive life... Read More

Vascular plants

Definition of Vascular plants The term 'vascular' is derived from the Latin word vāsculum, vās, meaning "a container and... Read More

Plant

Plant Definition (botany) Any of the eukaryotic organisms of the biological kingdom Plantae, characterized by being... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Angiosperm

Angiosperms Definition What is an angiosperm? An angiosperm is a plant that produces flowers. The angiosperms, also... Read More

Harvest

Harvest 1. The gathering of a crop of any kind; the ingathering of the crops; also, the season of gathering grain and... Read More

Lectin

Lectin (Science: plant biology) proteins obtained particularly from the seeds of leguminous plants, but also from many other... Read More

Cytokinin

Plants require growth hormones for their regulated growth. Plant growth hormones or regulators (PGRs) are small organic... Read More

Iodine test

Iodine Test Definition The iodine test is a chemical reaction-based identification test for starch. In this test, iodine... Read More

Binomial nomenclature

Binomial Nomenclature Definition Binomial nomenclature is a binomial system of naming a species. A binomial name is... Read More

Simple fruit

Definition noun, plural: simple fruits A type of fruit that develops from a single or compound ovary with only one pistil... Read More

Vertical gene transfer

Definition noun (genetics) The transfer of genes from parents to offspring Supplement Gene transfer refers to the movement... Read More

Polyploidy

Definition noun (genetics) The state of being polyploid, that is more than two sets of the chromosomes in a... Read More

Euploidy

Definition noun (genetics) The chromosomal variation in the normal complete set of chromosomes in a cell or an organism... Read More

Fructooligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: fructooligosaccharides fruc·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ɪhɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd An... Read More

Fruits, Flowers, and Seeds

Flowering plants grow in a wide variety of habitats and environments. They can go from germination of a seed to a mature... Read More

Genetic Engineering Advantages & Disadvantages

  Through genetic engineering, scientists are able to move desirable genes from one plant or animal to another or... Read More

Rust

rust A type of club fungus that is a parasite on plants. The most common rust is Pucciniagraminis (black stem rust in... Read More

Recalcitrant

Several words of the English language find wide usage in subjects as diverse as literature, science, social science,... Read More

Tare

tare 1. A weed that grows among wheat and other grain; alleged by modern naturalists to be the lolium temulentum, or darnel.... Read More

Spire

spire To breathe. Origin: L. Spirare to breathe. See Spirit. 1. A slender stalk or blade in vegetation; as, a spire grass or... Read More

Sympatric speciation

Speciation is a process of evolution through which two different existing populations evolve and a distinct species form. It... Read More

Margin

Margin 1. A border; edge; brink; verge; as, the margin of a river or lake. 2. Specifically: The part of a page at the edge... Read More

Scalp

scalp 1. That part of the integument of the head which is usually covered with hair. By the bare scalp of robin Hodd's fat... Read More

Chromosome

Chromosomes Definition Chromosomes are the thread-like structure present in the nucleus of plant and animal cells.... Read More

Rice

rice (Science: botany) A well-known cereal grass (oryza sativa) and its seed. This plant is extensively cultivated in warm... Read More

Starch

Starch Definition Starch is a polysaccharide (C6H10O5)n consisting of a large number of glucose monomers joined together... Read More

Serine

serine (Science: amino acid) Is synthesised by the body from the amino acids glycine or threonine. Its production requires... Read More

Purine

Definition noun plural: purines pu•rine, ˈpjʊəɹiːn A heterocyclic aromatic compound with a chemical structure... Read More

Reserves

reserve 1. (Science: geology) Typically used to describe the amount of a substance which can be extracted from the earth... Read More

Roughage

Definition noun plural: roughages rough·age, ɹʌf'ɪdʒ (1) A dietary fiber (2) Hay or any other coarse feed, such as... Read More

Assimilation

Assimilation Definition What is assimilation? Assimilation in biology is defined as the process in which living organisms... Read More

Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity Definition Hypersensitivity is the exaggerated immune response to protect the human from foreign bodies... Read More

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is a physio-chemical process carried out by photo-auto-lithotrophs by converting light energy into chemical... Read More

Carbon fixation

Carbon Fixation Definition We know that the earth contains many elements. The periodic table shows us just how many... Read More