Dictionary > Brassica

Brassica

Brassica
(Science: botany) a genus of plants belonging to the mustard family Brassicaceae. The whole family includes a total of 376 different genera and 3,200 different species.
The family is also known as cruciferae because the four petaled flowers of these plants look like crosses. The plants are distributed worldwide and have annual (living one year), biennial (living two years) and perennial (living many years) members.
member species of genus brassica include brassica napus which produces rapeseed or canola oil, brassica nigra which produces yellow mustard, brassica oleracea whose subspecies and strains include kale and collard greens (brassica oleracea acephala), broccoli (brassica oleracea botrytis), cauliflower (brassica oleracea cauliflora), head cabbage (brassica oleracea capitata), brussel sprouts (brassica oleracea gemmifera), and kohlrabi (brassica oleracea gongycoides), and brassica rapa, whose subspecies include pak choi (brassica rapa chinensis), Chinese cabbage (brassica rapa pekinensis), and turnip (brassica rapa rapifera).
also, one subspecies of brassica rapa is used as a model organism to study genetics, molecular biology, plant breeding, cell biology, and physiology, it is called the rapid cycling brassica or RCBr or the Wisconsin fast plant, and was developed specifically for scientific study. Additionally, the radish Raphanus sativus is a member of the Brassicaceae family.
The full taxonomic classification is kingdom Plantae, division Tracheophyta, subdivision spermatophyta, class angiospermae, subclass Dicotyledeonae, order Papaverales, family Brassicaceae.


You will also like...

Homeostatic Mechanisms and Cellular Communication
Homeostatic Mechanisms and Cellular Communication

Homeostasis is the relatively stable conditions of the internal environment that result from compensatory regulatory res..

DNA - schematic
Genetic Mutations

This tutorial looks at the mutation at the gene level and the harm it may bring. Learn about single nucleotide polymorph..

Biological Viruses
Biological Viruses

Viruses possess both living and non-living characteristics. This unique feature distinguishes them from other organisms...

Transpiration
Water in Plants

The movement of molecules (specifically, water and solutes) is vital to the understanding of plant processes. This tuto..

Kidneys
Kidneys and Regulation of Water and Inorganic Ions

The kidneys are responsible for the regulation of water and inorganic ions. Read this tutorial to learn about the differ..

Regulation of Biological Systems
Regulation of Biological Systems

Regulation of Biological Systems tutorials are focused on the modulation of biological systems from cell to population l..