Dictionary > Genetics

Genetics

Definition
noun
(1) The study of the patterns of inheritance of specific traits, relating to genes and genetic information
(2) Heredity
Supplement
Genetics include biological studies in heredity, particularly the mechanisms of hereditary transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics among similar or related organisms. The different branches of genetics include:

  • Behavioural genetics
  • Classical genetics
  • Developmental genetics
  • Conservation genetics
  • Ecological genetics
  • Evolutionary genetics
  • Genetic engineering
  • Metagenics
  • Genomics
  • Mitochondrial genetics
  • Medical genetics
  • Molecular genetics
  • Population genetics
  • Statistical genetics
  • Genetic epidemiology
  • Archaeogenetics
  • Quantitative genetics

The person specializing in genetics is referred to as geneticist. The father of genetics is Gregor Mendel who is an Augustinian friar in 19th century. His work that paved the way to genetics is his study of trait inheritance. He was able to decipher the patterns in which the traits were passed down from patents to offspring on pea plants.
Word origin: Ancient Greek génesis (origin)
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Watch this video from National Geographic to understand the fundamentals of genetics, such as the genome, and how are traits passed from generation to generation. Find out how pea plants helped launch the study of genetics and how the field of genetics research has evolved over time.

 

GENETICS - CROSSWORD PUZZLE

GENETICS – CROSSWORD PUZZLE (pdf)

GENETICS – CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Genetics: the study of the patterns of inheritance of specific traits, relating to genes and genetic information. Print this worksheet to expand the student’s vocabulary on the common concepts and terms used in genetics.

Subjects: Genetics & Evolution
Lesson: Introduction to Genetics
Grades: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th
Type: Worksheet

 GENETICS BASIC CONCEPTS – QUIZ (pdf)

GENETICS BASIC CONCEPTS – QUIZ

This quiz will help you assess the student’s understanding of the various fundamental concepts and principles in genetics.

Subjects: Genetics
Lesson: Introduction to Genetics
Grades: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th
Type: Quiz