Dictionary > Clonorchis sinensis

Clonorchis sinensis

Definition
noun
A liver fluke species belonging to the family Opisthorchiidae of the Class Trematoda, and endemic in Japan, Taiwan, China, and Southeast Asia
Supplement
Clonorchis sinensis is one of the trematode species that parasitize humans. Other parasitic trematode species of humans are Paragonimus westermani and Fasciola hepatica. These three species are classified as tissue flukes to separate them from the blood flukes, e.g. Schistosoma spp. Clonorchis sinensis is a tissue fluke that infests the liver of its definitive host. It is endemic in Japan, Taiwan, China, and Southeast Asia. Hence, it is commonly referred to as oriental liver fluke.
Clonorchis sinensis is also found in the gall bladder and the common bile duct, feeding on the bile. It is the causative agent of clonorchiasis to its definitive host. In humans, this parasite can cause liver enlargement, diarrhea, edema, cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, cholelithiasis, pancreatitis, etc.
Apart from humans, fish-eating animals are also its host. The species makes use of operculate snails as its primary intermediate hosts and Cyprinoid fish as its second intermediate host.
Clonorchis sinensis is also called Opisthorchis sinensis.
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Platyhelminthes
  • Class: Trematoda
  • Order: Opisthorchiida
  • Family: Opisthorchiidae
  • Genus: Clonorchis
  • Species: C. sinensis

Other common name(s):

  • Oriental liver fluke
  • Asiatic liver fluke
  • Chinese liver fluke
  • See also:


    You will also like...

    Cell Respiration
    Cell Respiration

    Cell respiration is the process of creating ATP. It is "respiration" because it utilizes oxygen. Know the different stag..

    Biosecurity and Biocontrol
    Biosecurity and Biocontrol

    This lesson explores the impact of biosecurity threats, and why they need to be identified and managed. Examples to incl..

    Buttress roots
    Roots

    This study guide tackles plant roots in greater detail. It delves into the development of plant roots, the root structur..

    bryophyte - sporophyte and gametophyte
    Meiosis and Alternation of Generations

    Plants are characterized by having alternation of generations in their life cycles. This tutorial is a review of plant m..

    squirrel
    Animal Water Regulation

    Animals adapt to their environment in aspects of anatomy, physiology, and behavior. This tutorial will help you understa..

    Birth Control and Contraception
    Birth Control and Contraception

    Different pregnancy and birth control and contraception strategies are described. Read this tutorial to learn each of th..