Dictionary > Domestic cat

Domestic cat

Definition
noun, plural: domestic cats
A small domesticated Felis species, e.g. F. domestica or F. catus
Supplement
The domestic cat is a species of the genus, Felis. It belongs to the subfamily Felinae, of the family Felidae. There are over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme Southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago.
These cats are domesticated and kept as indoor pets for companionship and for their ability to hunt house pests or vermin. They have strong, flexible body and quick reflexes. Their sense of hearing is capable of detecting faint sounds made by small animals (e.g. mice). Their claws are sharp and retractable and their teeth are adapted for catching and eating small prey. Their vision at night is good at detecting animal movements in the dark. Nevertheless, their color vision is not as efficient as that in humans. They use a variety of vocalizations, e.g. purring, hissing, grunting, and mewing.
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Felidae
  • Genus: Felis
  • Species: F. catus

Other common name(s):

  • house cat
  • See also:


    You will also like...

    An artist depiction of a Precambrian multicellular life form.
    The Evolution of Cell Organelles

    The nucleus containing the genetic material, DNA, and the mitochondria, well-identified as the "powerhouse of the cell",..

    Schematic diagram of DNA replication
    DNA Structure & DNA Replication

    DNA is a double helix structure comprised of nucleotides. A nucleotide, in turn, is made up of phosphate molecule, deoxy..

    Physiological Homeostasis
    Physiological Homeostasis

    Homeostasis is essential to maintain conditions within the tolerable limits. Otherwise, the body will fail to function p..

    Ploidy
    Polyploidy

    Humans are diploid creatures. This means that for every chromosome in the body, there is another one to match it. Howeve..

    Nephrolepis exaltata
    Vascular Plants: Ferns and Relatives

    Ferns and their relatives are vascular plants, meaning they have xylem and phloem tissues. Because of the presence of va..

    Water Cycle
    The Water Cycle

    The water cycle (also referred to as the hydrological cycle) is a system of continuous transfer of water from the air, s..