Dictionary > Great ape

Great ape

Definition
noun, plural: great apes
Any of the apes belonging to the family Hominidae, such as chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, and humans
Supplement
The apes are tailless anthropoid primates of the superfamily Hominoidea. There are two major groups of apes, i.e. the great apes and the lesser apes. The great apes or the hominids include Pongo, Gorilla, Pan, and Homo genera. They belong to the family Hominidae.
The great apes possess the following distinctive features: relatively larger body frame, hairless face, protrusive lips, flat nails, and complex fingertips. The smallest extant great ape is the bonobo whereas the largest extant great ape is the eastern gorilla. The great apes show sexual dimorphism although the degree varies among species. On average, the males are larger and stronger than females. The great apes are quadrupedal, i.e. possessing four feet. Nevertheless, they may use their hands for food gathering. Most of them are omnivorous.
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Primates
  • Suborder: Haplorhini
  • Superfamily: Hominoidea
  • Family: Hominidae Gray, 1825

Other common name(s):

  • hominid
  • See also:


    You will also like...

    Early Earth
    The Origins of Life

    This tutorial digs into the past to investigate the origins of life. The section is split into geological periods in the..

    Lotic community of algal species
    Lotic Communities & Algae

    Lotic communities have conditions that are rather harsh for typical plants. Thus, the diversity of plant species in loti..

    complete-dominance
    Dominance

    This tutorial presents Gregor Mendel's law of dominance. Learn more about this form of inheritance and how it can be pre..

    river
    Running Water Freshwater Communities

    This tutorial introduces flowing water communities, which bring new and dithering factors into the equation for possible..

    Physical growth
    Physical Development in Humans

    This tutorial elaborates on the physical development of humans, particularly from puberty to adulthood. Read this tutori..

    New Zealand Flora & Fauna
    Ecology & Biodiversity: New Zealand Flora & Fauna

    New Zealand is known for its unique biodiversity, caused by its remarkable geography and geologic history. Breaking away..