Dictionary > Primate

Primate

Definition
noun, plural: primates
Any of a group of placental mammals, particularly the prosimians and the simians
Supplement
Primates belong to class Mammalia of phylum Chordata. They include apes, monkeys, and humans. In taxonomy, the order Primates is the highest order of mammals. They are placental mammals with good eyesight and flexible hands and feet.
The order Primates has two major groups: (1) prosimians and (2) simians (anthropoids). Prosimians are characterized by their rather primitive features compared with those of simians. They include the lemurs, lorisoids, and tarsiers. Simians include hominins, apes, and monkeys. The simian line and the tarsier line diverged during the Cenozoic era, i.e. about 60 million years ago.
A more recent classification of primates shows that the primates may be grouped into wet-nosed primates and dry-nosed primates. The wet-nosed primates make up the suborder Strepsirrhini whereas the dry-nosed primates belong to the suborder Haplorhini. The suborder Strepsirrhini consists of non-tarsier prosimians. The suborder Haplorhini includes the tarsiers and the simians. The simians may be subdivided into two major groups: catarrhines (Old World monkeys and apes) and platyrrhines (New World monkeys).
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Primates 1758

See also:

Related term(s):

  • Primate diseases
  • Lentiviruses primate

You will also like...

Physiological Homeostasis
Physiological Homeostasis

Homeostasis is essential to maintain conditions within the tolerable limits. Otherwise, the body will fail to function p..

Biosecurity and Biocontrol
Biosecurity and Biocontrol

This lesson explores the impact of biosecurity threats, and why they need to be identified and managed. Examples to incl..

Lake Wakatipu, New Zealand
New Zealand’s Unique Geographical History

Explore why New Zealand has such unique flora and fauna, and learn why long periods of geographical isolation. This less..

Plant Auxins
Plant Auxins – Phototropism & Geotropism

Plants produce hormones to regulate their growth. Auxins, for instance, influence plant growth. Know the role of auxin i..

Pink Lotus plant on a pond
Freshwater Lentic Communities & Animals

This tutorial looks at some of the communities in freshwater lentic habitats. For instance, symbiosis occurs in a commun..

Fossil trilobite imprint in the sediment
Insects

There are more species of insects than any other species combined. This surely illustrates that insects have the selecti..