Dictionary > Primate

Primate

Definition
noun, plural: primates
Any of a group of placental mammals, particularly the prosimians and the simians
Supplement
Primates belong to class Mammalia of phylum Chordata. They include apes, monkeys, and humans. In taxonomy, the order Primates is the highest order of mammals. They are placental mammals with good eyesight and flexible hands and feet.
The order Primates has two major groups: (1) prosimians and (2) simians (anthropoids). Prosimians are characterized by their rather primitive features compared with those of simians. They include the lemurs, lorisoids, and tarsiers. Simians include hominins, apes, and monkeys. The simian line and the tarsier line diverged during the Cenozoic era, i.e. about 60 million years ago.
A more recent classification of primates shows that the primates may be grouped into wet-nosed primates and dry-nosed primates. The wet-nosed primates make up the suborder Strepsirrhini whereas the dry-nosed primates belong to the suborder Haplorhini. The suborder Strepsirrhini consists of non-tarsier prosimians. The suborder Haplorhini includes the tarsiers and the simians. The simians may be subdivided into two major groups: catarrhines (Old World monkeys and apes) and platyrrhines (New World monkeys).
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Primates 1758

See also:

Related term(s):

  • Primate diseases
  • Lentiviruses primate

You will also like...

The Human Physiology
The Human Physiology

Physiology is the study of how living organisms function. Thus, human physiology deals specifically with the physiologic..

genes controlling growth and development
Control of Growth & Development

Control of Growth & Development tutorials look at how the genetic makeup determines the biological processes on a da..

Oligodendrocyte and Schwann cell
The Central Nervous System

Myelin sheath is essential for a faster conductivity of signals. Know more about this feature of some neurons in the Cen..

Peppered moth ("Biston betularia") melanic and light form
Examples of Natural Selection

Darwin's Finches are an example of natural selection in action. They are an excellent example of the way species' gene p..

DNA - schematic
Genetic Mutations

This tutorial looks at the mutation at the gene level and the harm it may bring. Learn about single nucleotide polymorph..

Homo Species
The Homo Species

The evolution of the species of the genus "Homo" led to the emergence of modern humans. Find out more about human evolut..