Dictionary > Peritonism

Peritonism

Definition
noun
A condition marked by symptoms such as vomiting, pain, and shock associated with the inflammation of the abdominal viscera and in which the peritoneum is involved
Supplement
Peritonism is a term that is now an obsolete and rarely used. It pertains to a symptom complex characterized by vomiting, pain or abdominal tenderness, and shock. The pain may be localized or generalized. These symptoms are associated with the inflammation of any of the abdominal viscera. It also involves the peritoneum, hence, the term. It is also used to refer to conditions such as neurosis in which the symptoms are similar to those of peritonitis. Peritonitis, in particular, is a term referring to the inflammation of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is the smooth serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs. Peritonism is different from peritonitis though. Peritonism pertains to the condition with symptoms akin to peritonitis but without the actual inflammatory process. Rather, it is caused or due to a functional disease.1 It may be eased by lying still. It may also be exacerbated by any movement.
Synonym(s):

  • pseudoperitonitis

See also:

  • peritonitis
  • abdomen
  • Reference(s):

    1 peritonism. Retrieved from ://connection.ebscohost.com/c/reference-entries/21240274/peritonism.


    You will also like...

    Direct and indirect physiologic effects of growth hormone
    Animal Growth Hormones

    Hormones are produced in the endocrine glands of animals. The pituitary gland and hypothalamus are the most impor..

    Regulation of Biological Systems
    Regulation of Biological Systems

    Regulation of Biological Systems tutorials are focused on the modulation of biological systems from cell to population l..

    Still Water Community Plants
    Still Water Community Plants

    This tutorial looks at the adaptations of freshwater plants for them to thrive in still water habitats. Familiarize your..

    takahē
    Takahē (Porphyrio hochstetteri)

    Meet the colorful takahē, an extremely rare flightless bird. Find out more about its unique features and why they matte..

    Energy pyramid
    Freshwater Community Energy Relationships – Producers & Consumers

    This tutorial looks at the relationship between organisms. It also explores how energy is passed on in the food chain an..

    Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung
    Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung

    In this tutorial, the works of Carl Gustav Jung and Sigmund Freud are described. Both of them actively pursued the way h..