Dictionary > Peritonism

Peritonism

Definition
noun
A condition marked by symptoms such as vomiting, pain, and shock associated with the inflammation of the abdominal viscera and in which the peritoneum is involved
Supplement
Peritonism is a term that is now an obsolete and rarely used. It pertains to a symptom complex characterized by vomiting, pain or abdominal tenderness, and shock. The pain may be localized or generalized. These symptoms are associated with the inflammation of any of the abdominal viscera. It also involves the peritoneum, hence, the term. It is also used to refer to conditions such as neurosis in which the symptoms are similar to those of peritonitis. Peritonitis, in particular, is a term referring to the inflammation of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is the smooth serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs. Peritonism is different from peritonitis though. Peritonism pertains to the condition with symptoms akin to peritonitis but without the actual inflammatory process. Rather, it is caused or due to a functional disease.1 It may be eased by lying still. It may also be exacerbated by any movement.
Synonym(s):

  • pseudoperitonitis

See also:

  • peritonitis
  • abdomen
  • Reference(s):

    1 peritonism. Retrieved from ://connection.ebscohost.com/c/reference-entries/21240274/peritonism.


    You will also like...

    Early Mammals on Earth
    Early Mammals on Earth

    The Earth's ecosphere was rapidly changing and throwing up a wide range of ecological niches that new adaptive organisms..

    sponge
    Primitive Animals

    Life, as we know it today, is presumed to have started in the sea and many of them were likely eukaryotic animal-like or..

    Human Reproduction
    Human Reproduction

    Humans are capable of only one mode of reproduction, i.e. sexual reproduction. Haploid sex cells (gametes) are produced ..

    Sugar Homeostasis
    Sugar Homeostasis

    The blood sugar level is regulated by two hormones. The mechanism behind this type of negative feedback control is descr..

    An artistic depiction of Dunkleosteus fish
    Fish

    The sea was teeming with life. Eventually, through reproduction and continued variation, fish came about. There are over..

    Still Water Animals
    Still Water Animals

    Animals living in aquatic habitats have diversified and evolved through time. They eventually occupy ecological niches a..