Dictionary > Peritonitis

Peritonitis

Definition
noun, plural: peritonites
(pathology) The inflammation of the peritoneum
Supplement
Peritonitis pertains to the inflammation of the peritoneum. Peritoneum is the smooth serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs.
Peritonitis is marked by exudations in the peritoneum of serum, fibrin, cells, and pus. It is often accompanied by an abdominal pain and tenderness, as well as constipation, vomiting, and moderate fever. Peritonitis may be localized or generalized.
Peritonitis is usually caused by a ruptured organ, e.g. the appendix. The rupture of the appendix, for instance, brings about infection and thereby results in the inflammation of the peritoneum. Another possible cause involving an infectious process is the disruption of the peritoneum, such as by trauma, surgical wound, etc. Peritonitis that results from infection may also be due to intra-peritoneal dialysis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and certain systemic infections, such as tuberculosis.
Peritonitis may also be caused by a non-infectious process. Conditions such as the leakage of sterile bodily fluids into the peritoneum, systemic lupus erythematous, porphyria, TNF-receptor associated periodic syndrome have been associated with peritonitis.
Word origin: perito(neum) + -itis (condition)
Compare:

See also:

  • peritoneum
  • Related term(s):

    • Localised peritonitis
    • Productive peritonitis
    • Chyle peritonitis
    • Diffuse peritonitis


    You will also like...

    Crossing Over and Genetic Diversity
    Inheritance and Probability

    Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, is most famous in this field for his study of the phenotype of pea plants, including ..

    Lotic community of algal species
    Lotic Communities & Algae

    Lotic communities have conditions that are rather harsh for typical plants. Thus, the diversity of plant species in loti..

    Consciousness and behavior
    Consciousness and Behavior

    Human consciousness and behavior are an interesting topic since they are determined and controlled by the brain. Conscio..

    Structural depiction of catalase, an enzyme
    Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

    Proteins have a crucial role in various biological activities. Get to know how proteins are able to perform as enzymes, ..

    Nephrolepis exaltata
    Vascular Plants: Ferns and Relatives

    Ferns and their relatives are vascular plants, meaning they have xylem and phloem tissues. Because of the presence of va..

    Buttress roots
    Roots

    This study guide tackles plant roots in greater detail. It delves into the development of plant roots, the root structur..

    Related Articles...

    No related articles found

    See all Related Topics