Dictionary > Peritonitis

Peritonitis

Definition
noun, plural: peritonites
(pathology) The inflammation of the peritoneum
Supplement
Peritonitis pertains to the inflammation of the peritoneum. Peritoneum is the smooth serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs.
Peritonitis is marked by exudations in the peritoneum of serum, fibrin, cells, and pus. It is often accompanied by an abdominal pain and tenderness, as well as constipation, vomiting, and moderate fever. Peritonitis may be localized or generalized.
Peritonitis is usually caused by a ruptured organ, e.g. the appendix. The rupture of the appendix, for instance, brings about infection and thereby results in the inflammation of the peritoneum. Another possible cause involving an infectious process is the disruption of the peritoneum, such as by trauma, surgical wound, etc. Peritonitis that results from infection may also be due to intra-peritoneal dialysis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and certain systemic infections, such as tuberculosis.
Peritonitis may also be caused by a non-infectious process. Conditions such as the leakage of sterile bodily fluids into the peritoneum, systemic lupus erythematous, porphyria, TNF-receptor associated periodic syndrome have been associated with peritonitis.
Word origin: perito(neum) + -itis (condition)
Compare:

See also:

  • peritoneum
  • Related term(s):

    • Localised peritonitis
    • Productive peritonitis
    • Chyle peritonitis
    • Diffuse peritonitis


    You will also like...

    Darwin's Finches - Natural Selection
    Darwin and Natural Selection

    This tutorial investigates the genetic diversity in more detail. It also delineates how certain alleles are favored over..

    "Cronopio dentiacutus", a prehistoric mammal (an illustration)
    Mammalian Ancestors

    Mammals are a diverse group of organisms, where most of them develop their offspring within the uterus of the mother. Ov..

    Non-Mendelian Inheritance
    Non-Mendelian Inheritance

    In this tutorial, find out more about certain types of inheritance that does not follow the Mendelian inheritance patter..

    Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems
    Pollution in Freshwater Ecosystems

    There are many environmental factors that arise due to the usage of water in one way or another and for every action tha..

    Schematic diagram of bacterial lactose operon
    Gene Action – Operon Hypothesis

    Learn how the way genes control and determine every aspect of the body. This lesson uses lac operon as an example. ..

    ..

    Genetic engineering
    Genetic Engineering Advantages & Disadvantages

    This tutorial presents the benefits and the possible adverse eventualities of genetic engineering. Know more about this ..

    Related Articles...

    No related articles found

    See all Related Topics