Dictionary > Sex steroid

Sex steroid

Definition
noun, plural: sex steroids
A steroid hormone that when bound to specific sex hormone receptor becomes active and then exert distinctive physiological effects, such as the manifestation of secondary sexual characteristics
Supplement
Sex steroid is one of the major groups of steroid hormones. Other types of steroid hormones are corticosteroids and anabolic steroids.
Sex steroids include androgens, estrogens, and progestogens. Androgens are generally considered as the male sex hormones because of their masculinizing effects. They include androstenediol, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and testosterone. Estrogens are considered as the female sex hormones because of their feminizing effects. They include estradiol, estetrol, estriol, and estrone. The progestogens are sex steroids distinct from androgens and estrogens. Progesterone is the only naturally occurring progestogen in humans.
Sex steroids that are produced naturally are synthesized in the gonads (i.e. ovaries or testes) and by the adrenal glands. They may also be derived from other sex steroids and then converted into another form of sex steroids in certain tissues such as liver or fat.
Sex steroids may also be produced artificially. One of the most well-known synthetic sex steroids is the synthetic androgen, which is also referred to as anabolic steroid.
Synonym(s):

  • gonadal steroid
  • gonadocorticoid
  • sex hormone

See also:

  • steroid hormone
  • androgen
  • estrogen
  • progesterone
  • anabolic steroid


    You will also like...

    Thermographic image of face and neck
    Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

    The human body is capable of regulating growth and energy balance through various feedback mechanisms. Get to know the e..

    Freshwater Ecology
    Freshwater Ecology

    Freshwater ecology focuses on the relations of aquatic organisms to their freshwater habitats. There are two forms of co..

    An artistic depiction of a human embryo
    Growth and Development of a Human Baby

    Upon fertilization, a zygote forms and develops into an embryo. This tutorial elaborates on the growth and development f..

    Genetic engineering
    Genetic Engineering Advantages & Disadvantages

    This tutorial presents the benefits and the possible adverse eventualities of genetic engineering. Know more about this ..

    human brain structure
    The Conscious & Unconscious Nervous System

    This tutorial elaborates on how the nervous system works, particularly at the tissue level of the brain. There are three..

    Ecological Research Measuring & Analysis
    Ecological Research: Measuring & Analysis

    This lesson is about the methods used for ecological research, such as quadrat and transect sampling, canopy fogging, an..