46 results found

Search Results for: amine

Galactosamine

Definition noun, plural: galactosamines A hexosamine, where galactose contains an amine (-NH2) instead of a hydroxyl (–OH)... Read More

Amine

Amine (Science: biochemistry) An organic compound containing nitrogen, any member of a group of chemical compounds formed... Read More

Sympathomimetic amines

sympathomimetic amines A broad class of chemicals which mimic the actions of activation of the sympathetic nervous system... Read More

Dopamine

Definition noun, plural: dopamines 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (chemical formula: C8H11NO2); a neurotransmitter or a hormone... Read More

Histamine

Histamine (Science: biochemistry) formed by decarboxylation of histidine. Potent pharmacological agent acting through... Read More

Acceptor

Acceptor a compound that will take up a chemical group (e.g., an amine group, a methyl group, a carbamoyl group) from... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Imine

Definition noun, plural: imines A functional group or compound having a carbon-nitrogen double bond, and a general formula... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Amino sugar

Definition noun, plural: amino sugars A sugar molecule the nonglycosidic hydroxyl (–OH) group is replaced by an amine... Read More

Protein Forces & Structure – Bonds Stabilizing the Folded 3D Conformation

Virtually every biochemical process in the living cell is catalysed, sustained and regulated by protein. While... Read More

Thymidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Purine

Definition noun plural: purines pu•rine, ˈpjʊəɹiːn A heterocyclic aromatic compound with a chemical structure... Read More

Uracil

Definition noun plural: uracils u·ra·cil, ˈjʊərəsɪl (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in RNA that... Read More

Pyrimidine

Definition noun plural: pyrimidines py·rim·i·dine, py·rim·i·dine A heterocyclic aromatic compound that presents as a... Read More

Thymine

Definition noun plural: thymines thy·mine, ˈθaɪmɪn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in the DNA molecule that... Read More

Guanine

Definition noun plural: guanines gua·nine, ˈɡwɑː.niːn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Zwitterion

Definition noun, plural: zwitterions A molecule carrying both a positive and a negative charge Supplement A zwitterion is a... Read More

Fat-soluble vitamin

Definition noun, plural: fat-soluble vitamins Any from the group of vitamins that are insoluble in water but soluble in fat... Read More

To catch an intermediate

Berkeley scientists find new way to trap and hold intermediate compounds in water BERKELEY -- A new technique for capturing... Read More

Pentapeptide

Definition noun, plural: pentapeptides A peptide containing five amino acids Supplement Peptides are biomolecules that are... Read More

Nucleobase

Definition noun plural: nucleobases (biochemistry) The base in the nucleic acid, e.g. purines and pyrimidines Details ... Read More

Isopeptide bond

Definition noun, plural: isopeptide bonds A peptide bond formed between a carboxyl group of one amino acid and an amino... Read More

Thymidine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Thymidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and three... Read More

Uridine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Deoxyribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: deoxyribonucleotides de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, diˌɒk... Read More

Synthesis and Investigations on Tellurium Myco-nanoparticles

Nanotechnology is a growing discipline in tech economy wherein nanoparticles became part of everyday life. Nanoparticles a... Read More

Guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Cytosine

Definition noun plural: cytosines cy·to·sine, ˈsaɪtəsiːn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase that complementary... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Imino acid

Definition noun, plural: imino acids A molecule with both imine (>C=NH) and carboxylic (-COOH) functional groups attached... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More

Amination

Amination The creation of an amine, either by addition of an amino group to an organic acceptor compound or by reduction of... Read More

Uridine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and three phosphate... Read More

Peptide bond

Definition noun, plural: peptide bonds (1) The covalent bond joining amino acids, particularly at the carboxyl group of... Read More

Nonapeptide

Definition noun, plural: nonapeptides An oligopeptide comprised of nine amino acid residues Supplement Peptides are monomers... Read More

Vitamin

Definition noun, plural: vitamins A low molecular weight organic compound that is essential for normal growth and metabolic... Read More

Ast

Ast --> aspartate aminotransferase (Science: enzyme) An enzyme present in hepatocytes and myocytes that catalyses the... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition noun, plural: nucleotides (nu·cle·o·tide,... Read More