80 results found

Search Results for: amino sugar

Amino sugar

Definition noun, plural: amino sugars A sugar molecule the nonglycosidic hydroxyl (–OH) group is replaced by an amine... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Uridine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and three phosphate... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Galactosamine

Definition noun, plural: galactosamines A hexosamine, where galactose contains an amine (-NH2) instead of a hydroxyl (–OH)... Read More

Micromolecule

Micromolecules Definition How to define micromolecule? Micromolecules are relatively small molecules that are combined... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Cytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More

Deoxyguanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxyguanosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Deoxyguanosine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Deoxycytidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxycytidine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Deoxyadenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Adenine nucleotide

Definition noun plural: adenine nucleotides A nucleotide wherein the nucleobase is adenine Details Overview A nucleotide... Read More

Guanosine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide made up of guanine, ribose, and two phosphate... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Guanosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of guanosine (a... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Cytidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of cytidine (a cytosine... Read More

Cytidine

Definition noun plural: cytidines cy·ti·dine, ˈsaɪtɪdiːn A pyrimidine nucleoside that has cytosine attached to the... Read More

Guanosine

Definition noun plural: guanosines gua·no·sine, ˈgwɑ nəˌsin A purine nucleoside that has guanine bound to a ribose... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Genetic Control – On and Off Genes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. This lesson looks at the various factors involved that affect growth and... Read More

Deoxyribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: deoxyribonucleotides de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, diˌɒk... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More