84 results found

Search Results for: biosynthesis

Biosynthesis

Definition noun The production of a complex chemical compound from simpler precursors in a living organism, usually... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of... Read More

Pyrimidine

Definition noun plural: pyrimidines py·rim·i·dine, py·rim·i·dine A heterocyclic aromatic compound that presents as... Read More

Steroidogenesis

Definition noun, plural: steroidogeneses The biosynthesis of steroid hormones from cholesterol by various cells, such as... Read More

Cytosine

Definition noun plural: cytosines cy·to·sine, ˈsaɪtəsiːn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase that complementary... Read More

Mannitol

Definition noun plural: mannitols man·ni·tol, ˈmæn ɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweetish taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More

Deoxyribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: deoxyribonucleotides de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, diˌɒk... Read More

Cytidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of cytidine (a cytosine... Read More

Purine

Definition noun plural: purines pu•rine, ˈpjʊəɹiːn A heterocyclic aromatic compound with a chemical structure... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Chemosynthesis

Definition noun, plural: chemosyntheses The production of a more complex chemical compound by combining two or more simpler... Read More

Uracil

Definition noun plural: uracils u·ra·cil, ˈjʊərəsɪl (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in RNA that... Read More

Guanine

Definition noun plural: guanines gua·nine, ˈɡwɑː.niːn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Glyceraldehyde phosphate

Definition noun A phosphate ester of the 3-carbon sugar glyceraldehyde and has chemical formula:... Read More

Heptose

Definition noun, plural: heptoses A seven-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Phototroph

Definition noun, plural: phototrophs An organism, typically a plant, obtaining energy from sunlight as its source of energy... Read More

Nonose

Definition noun, plural: nonoses A nine-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Cross-linking

Cross-linking Definition Cross-linking, in general, means the forming of cross-links between the joining structures. In... Read More

Fatty acid

Definition noun plural: fatty acids'' fatty acid, ˈfætɪ ˈæsɪd Any of the group of a long chain of hydrocarbon... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Cytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Deoxycytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxycytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Thymidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Synthesis

Definition noun, plural: syntheses (biochemistry) The production of an organic compound in a living thing, especially as... Read More

Uridine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Thymine

Definition noun plural: thymines thy·mine, ˈθaɪmɪn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in the DNA molecule that... Read More

Photoautotroph

Definition noun, plural: photoautotrophs An organism, typically a plant, obtaining energy from sunlight as its source of... Read More

Enzymatic synthesis

Enzymatic synthesis synthesis by enzymes. See:... Read More

Primary structure

Definition noun (biochemistry) A structure of a biological molecule in which there is a precise sequence or order of... Read More

photobiology

Photobiology Definition Photobiology, the biology of light, is a subdiscipline in biology. It focuses on the effects of... Read More

Diacylglycerol

Diacylglycerol glycerol substituted on the 1 and 2 hydroxyl groups with long chain fatty acyl residues. Dag is a normal... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Lipogenesis

Definition noun The synthesis of lipid (fat) Supplement Lipogenesis is the process of producing lipid or fat. In biology,... Read More