Dictionary > Biosynthesis

Biosynthesis

Definition
noun
The production of a complex chemical compound from simpler precursors in a living organism, usually involving enzymes (to catalyze the reaction) and energy source (such as ATP)
Supplement
The creation of an organic compound in a living organism is referred to as biosynthesis. Biosynthesis refers to the production of a complex chemical compound from simpler precursors in a living organism. It is usually involving enzymes that will catalyze the reaction) and energy source (e.g. ATP). Examples of biosynthesis include photosynthesis, chemosynthesis, amino acid synthesis, nucleic acid synthesis, and ATP synthesis. In particular, photosynthesis is the synthesis of complex organic material using carbon dioxide, water, inorganic salts, and light energy (from sunlight) captured by light-absorbing pigments, such as chlorophyll and other accessory pigments. Chemosynthesis is the synthesis of a biological compound (e.g. carbohydrates). Amino acid synthesis is the synthesis of an amino acid, which in turn is used in the synthesis of proteins and peptides. Nucleic acid synthesis is the biosynthesis of nucleic acids, such as DNA and RNA. ATP synthesis is the synthesis of ATP, which is a source of biological energy in cells.
Word origin: bio– (“life”) + Greek sunthesis, from suntithenai (“to put together”)
See also:

Related term(s):

  • biosynthetic


    You will also like...

    Lentic community
    Freshwater Communities & Lentic Waters

    Lentic or still water communities can vary greatly in appearance -- from a small temporary puddle to a large lake. The s..

    An artistic depiction of a human embryo
    Growth and Development of a Human Baby

    Upon fertilization, a zygote forms and develops into an embryo. This tutorial elaborates on the growth and development f..

    Genetic Mutations
    Chromosome Mutations – II

    This tutorial is a continuation of the first lesson on chromosomal mutation. Here, find out the chromosomal aberrations ..

    green plant cells
    Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

    Plant cells have plastids essential in photosynthesis. They also have an additional layer called cell wall on their cell..

    Geological Periods
    Geological Periods

    Geological periods is a study guide that cites the different geological periods on Earth's timeline. Each has a brief ov..

    Mātauranga Māori and Science Collaboration
    Mātauranga Māori and Science

    Mātauranga Māori is the living knowledge system of the indigenous people of New Zealand, including the relationships t..