60 results found

Search Results for: extracellular matrix

Matrix

Bodies of living organisms are organized structures. These are organized in a hierarchy of organ systems, organs, tissues,... Read More

Extracellular matrix

Definition noun, plural: extracellular matrices The non-cellular portion of a tissue produced and secreted by cells and... Read More

Hyaline cartilage

Hyaline Cartilage Definition Before we define hyaline cartilage, let us understand what cartilage is. What is cartilage? Is... Read More

Cell adhesion

Cell Adhesion Definition Cell adhesion is the process in which a cell uses a specialized complex of proteins to get... Read More

Lacuna

Definition of Lacuna What is lacuna? The word "lacuna" (noun, plural: lacunae) is derived from the Latin word- 'lacus',... Read More

Sarcolemma

Sarcolemma Definition What is the sarcolemma? It is the thin, transparent, extensible plasma membrane of the muscle cell.... Read More

Chondrocyte

Definition noun, plural: chondrocytes A cell occupying a lacuna in the extracellular matrix of the cartilage Supplement The... Read More

Cell Structure

The interior of the cell is divided into the nucleus and the cytoplasm. The nucleus is a spherical or oval-shaped structure... Read More

Anchoring junction

Definition noun, plural: tight junctions A type of cell junction that is attached to components of the extracellular... Read More

Chondroblast

There are two forms of cells in cartilage: chondroblasts and chondrocytes. The chondroblasts are cells that secrete the... Read More

Cartilage

Definition noun A type of connective tissue that is firm and flexible and having an extracellular matrix comprised mainly of... Read More

Cartilage cell

Definition noun, plural: cartilage cells (histology) A differentiated cell embedded in the extracellular matrix,... Read More

Bone matrix

Definition noun The intercellular substance of the bone tissue; that part of bone tissue comprised of organic and inorganic... Read More

Loose connective tissue

Definition noun A type of connective tissue proper that holds and binds organs together, and is characterized by its loose,... Read More

Bone tissue

Definition noun, plural: bone tissues A mineralized connective tissue from which bones are made. Supplement The bone tissue... Read More

Tissue

Tissue Definition What is tissue in the body? The body tissue is an aggregation of cells that function together and have a... Read More

Extracellular

Definition adjective Occurring or being (situated) outside the cell or cells. Supplement For example, extracellular fluid is... Read More

Cellulose

Cellulose Definition Cellulose is a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of β (1→4) linked D-glucose units:... Read More

Proteoglycan

Definition noun, plural: proteoglycans A macromolecule that has a core protein attached covalently to one or more... Read More

Hemidesmosome

Definition noun, plural: hemidesmosomes A type of anchoring junction between neighboring cells forming a rivet-like links... Read More

Fibroblast

Definition noun, plural: fibroblasts Cell of connective tissue that produces and secretes fibers (e.g. collagens, reticular... Read More

Cell membrane

Cell Membrane Definition Just like any non-living body possesses a plastic or paper packaging material that keeps the... Read More

Fibrocartilage

Definition noun A type of cartilage that has a fibrous matrix and approaching fibrous connective tissue in... Read More

Selectively-permeable membrane

Selectively Permeable Membrane Definition We can define selectively permeable membranes as those that are selectively... Read More

Elastic cartilage

Definition noun A type of cartilage characterized by having cells surrounded by a territorial capsular matrix outside of... Read More

Macula adherens

Definition noun A type of anchoring junction between neighboring cells forming a plaquelike site on the cell... Read More

Cell junction

Definition noun, plural: cell junctions Intercellular connections between adjacent cells, resulting in varying degrees of... Read More

Autocrine signaling

Autocrine Signaling Definition What is autocrine signaling? Autocrine signaling is a type of cell signaling wherein a cell... Read More

Epithelium

An epithelium is a type of animal tissue made up of densely packed cells (called epithelial cells) that rest on a basement... Read More

Collagen fiber

Definition of collagen fiber Collagen fiber is the fiber in the extracellular matrix of connective tissues characterized... Read More

Plasma

Definition noun (1) Fluid through which cellular components of blood, lymph, or intramuscular fluid are suspended (2)... Read More

Cross-linking

Cross-linking Definition Cross-linking, in general, means the forming of cross-links between the joining structures. In... Read More

Dense irregular connective tissue

Dense Irregular Connective Tissue Definition Dense irregular connective tissue is one of the two major types of dense... Read More

Microfibril

Definition noun, plural: microfibrils (1) (cell biology) A microtubule or microfilament within the cell; an extremely small,... Read More

Gelatinase

Definition noun, plural: gelatinases (1) Pepsin B derived from pepsinogen B. It is similar to pepsin A but with more... Read More

Dense regular connective tissue

The dense connective tissue is a type of connective tissue proper that consists predominantly of fibers, especially type I... Read More

Facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion is the transport of substances across a biological membrane from an area of higher concentration to an... Read More

Elastic tissue

Definition noun, plural: elastic tissues A connective tissue composed of elastic fibers produced by fibroblasts and can... Read More

Fibronectin

Fibronectin (Science: protein) glycoprotein of high molecular weight (2 chains each of 250 kd linked by disulphide bonds)... Read More

Cytosol

Definition noun plural: cytosols cy·to·sol, ˈsaɪtəˌsɒl (cell biology) The liquid component of the cytoplasm... Read More