89 results found

Search Results for: hydroxyl

Hydroxyl groups

Hydroxyl group An -OH or alcohol group on a larger molecule. The oxygen is single-bonded to the hydrogen and has one free... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Hydroxyl

Hydroxyl (Science: chemistry) a compound radical, or unsaturated group, ho, consisting of one atom of hydrogen and one of... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Saccharide

Saccharide Definition What is a saccharide molecule? A saccharide is the unit structure of carbohydrates. In biochemistry,... Read More

Hydroxylation

Hydroxylation Hydroxylate, to introduce hydroxyl into (a compound or radical) usually by replacement of... Read More

Alcohol

Definition noun, plural: alcohols (chemistry) An organic compound containing one or more hydroxyl groups bound to a... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Dehydration reaction

What is dehydration synthesis? A dehydration reaction is a form of biochemical reaction wherein a water molecule is lost or... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Disaccharide

Carbohydrates are organic compounds comprised of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio of 1:2:1. They are one... Read More

Polyol

Definition noun plural: polyols pol•y•ol, ˈpɒlɪɒl A polyhydric alcohol, i.e. an alcohol containing three or more... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Glycosylation

Definition noun A biochemical process where a glycan attaches to a protein, a lipid, or other organic molecule, especially... Read More

Amphipathic

Amphipathic Definition Amphipathic is a word used to describe a chemical compound containing both polar (water-soluble) and... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Aerotolerant

Aerotolerant Definition The term "aerotolerant" pertains to an organism that does not require oxygen for growth but can... Read More

Photolysis

Photolysis Definition We define photolysis as a chemical process in which chemical compounds or molecules are split into... Read More

Ligase

An enzyme is a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to speed up a biochemical reaction. It is usually a protein molecule... Read More

Glyceride

Definition noun, plural: glycerides (biochemistry) Any of the esters formed from glycerol reacting with fatty acids, and... Read More

Galactosamine

Definition noun, plural: galactosamines A hexosamine, where galactose contains an amine (-NH2) instead of a hydroxyl (–OH)... Read More

Amino sugar

Definition noun, plural: amino sugars A sugar molecule the nonglycosidic hydroxyl (–OH) group is replaced by an amine... Read More

Deoxyadenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxyguanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxycytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxycytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Sorbitol

Definition noun plural: sorbitols sor·bi·tol, ˈsɔr bɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweet taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

Triglyceride

Definition noun, plural: triglycerides An energy-rich compound made up of a single molecule of glycerol and three molecules... Read More

Cellulose

Cellulose Definition Cellulose is a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of β (1→4) linked D-glucose units:... Read More

Hydrate

Hydrate (Science: chemistry) a compound formed by the union of water with some other substance, generally forming a neutral... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Carbohydrates are organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio of 1:2:1. They are one... Read More

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is one of the chemical elements found in nature. A chemical element refers to the pure substance of one type of... Read More

Oligonucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides ol·i·go·nu·cle·o·tide, ŏl′ĭ-gō-no͞o′klē-ə-tīd A short polymer... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More

Mature mRNA

Mature mRNA Definition Mature mRNA is the completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes. The mRNA is a type... Read More

Dansyl chloride

Definition noun (chemistry) A strongly fluorescent compound that will react with the terminal amino group of a protein;... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Cutin

Definition noun, plural: cutins (botany) A waxy polymer of hydroxy acids in the cuticle of plants (medicine) An animal... Read More

Catalase

Definition noun, plural: catalases An enzyme that catalyzes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and... Read More

Nucleobase

Definition noun plural: nucleobases (biochemistry) The base in the nucleic acid, e.g. purines and pyrimidines Details ... Read More