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Search Results for: inorganic molecule

Inorganic molecule

Definition noun, plural: inorganic molecules (1) A molecule not consisting of carbon atoms. (2) Any molecule that is not... Read More

Inorganic compound

Definition noun plural: inorganic compounds A chemical compound lacking both carbon-carbon (C-C) and carbon-hydrogen... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More

Anaerobic respiration

Anaerobic Respiration Definition What is anaerobic respiration? Anaerobic (cellular) respiration is a respiratory process... Read More

Molecule

Definition noun, plural: molecules A tiny or a very small piece (of something). (biology or biochemistry) An extremely small... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is one of the chemical elements found in nature. A chemical element refers to the pure substance of one type of... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Light-independent reaction

The process of photosynthesis is a biological procedure in which plants produce oxygen and energy (sugar) by using light... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Water

Water Definition (1) (biochemistry) A chemical substance, with chemical formula H2O, that is a clear, colorless, odorless,... Read More

Inorganic

Definition adjective (1) Of or pertaining to substances that are not of organic origin. (2) Relating to a substance that... Read More

Organic molecule

Definition noun 1. A molecule that is normally found in or produced by living systems. 2. A molecule that typically... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Micromolecule

Micromolecules Definition How to define micromolecule? Micromolecules are relatively small molecules that are combined... Read More

Organic compound

Definition noun plural: organic compounds A compound that, in general, contains carbon covalently bound to other atoms,... Read More

Metabolism

Metabolism Definition What is metabolism in the body? Metabolism encompasses the various biochemical processes, reactions,... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Carrier protein

Carrier protein is a type of cell membrane protein involved in facilitated diffusion and active transport of substances out... Read More

Compound

Definition noun plural: compounds com·pound, ˈkɒmpaʊnd (general) A material made up of two or more parts or... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Oxidation

Oxidation Definition How do we define oxidation? There are several definitions of the oxidation process. Oxidation can be... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

ATP synthase

Definition noun, plural: ATP synthases An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of ATP from the phosphorylation of ADP with... Read More

Ecosystem

Ecosystem Definition An ecosystem is a system consisting of biotic and abiotic components that function together as a unit.... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Turgor pressure

In biology, turgor pressure definition pertains to the pressure that is exerted by the fluid (e.g. water) against the cell... Read More

ATP & ADP – Biological Energy

ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate, and is the energy used by an organism in its daily operations. It consists of an... Read More

Hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase

Definition noun A membrane enzyme that allows the diffusion of protons (hydrogen ions) through its proton channel component... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Carbon fixation

Carbon Fixation Definition We know that the earth contains many elements. The periodic table shows us just how many... Read More

Chemoheterotroph

Definition noun, plural: chemoheterotrophs An organism deriving energy by ingesting intermediates or building blocks that it... Read More

Matrix

Bodies of living organisms are organized structures. These are organized in a hierarchy of organ systems, organs, tissues,... Read More

Organic

Definition noun, plural: organics (Chemistry) An organic compound; or any substance containing carbon-based compounds,... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Oxygen

Oxygen Definition In biochemistry, oxygen is the colorless, odorless, gaseous element represented by the symbol "O", with... Read More