21 results found

Search Results for: isomerase

Isomerase

Definition noun, plural: isomerases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the isomerization changes in a molecule, thereby... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Thermophile

Thermophiles Definition What are thermophiles? Let us first understand the literal meaning of the word ‘thermophile’.... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway

Definition noun A glycolytic pathway whereby glucose is metabolized and converted ultimately to pyruvate, and results in a... Read More

Glyceraldehyde phosphate

Definition noun A phosphate ester of the 3-carbon sugar glyceraldehyde and has chemical formula:... Read More

Corticosteroid

Definition noun, plural: corticosteroids A steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex, e.g. glucocorticoids and... Read More

Isomaltose

Definition noun plural: isomaltoses i·so·mal·tose, aɪsoʊˈmɔːltəʊz A disaccharide formed from the combination of... Read More

Ribosome

Definition noun plural: ribosomes ri·bo·some, ˈɹaɪbəˌsəʊm (cell biology) A minute, sphere-shaped particle... Read More

Lyase

Definition noun, plural: lyases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the breaking of a chemical bond through means not... Read More

Glycolysis

Definition noun The initial metabolic pathway of cellular respiration in which a series of reactions happening in the... Read More

Mannose

Definition noun A hexoaldose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6, and an isomer of glucose from manna, the ash... Read More

Ketotriose

Definition noun, plural: ketotrioses A triose containing a ketone group, and in which the carbonyl group is in the middle of... Read More

Mannitol

Definition noun plural: mannitols man·ni·tol, ˈmæn ɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweetish taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

Prostaglandin

Definition noun, plural: prostaglandins A group of eicosanoids, structurally characterized as 20-carbon unsaturated fatty... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Isomaltulose

Definition noun plural: isomaltuloses A disaccharide comprised of a glucose monomer and a fructose monomer joined by... Read More